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Development and Demonstration of a Class 6 Range-Extended Electric Vehicle for Commercial Pickup and Delivery Operation
- Matthew A. Jeffers - National Renewable Energy Laboratory ,
- Eric Miller - National Renewable Energy Laboratory ,
- Kenneth Kelly - National Renewable Energy Laboratory ,
- John Kresse - Cummins Inc. ,
- Ke Li - Cummins Inc. ,
- Jesse Dalton - Cummins Inc. ,
- Michael Kader - Southwest Research Institute ,
- Cole Frazier - Southwest Research Institute
ISSN: 2641-9637, e-ISSN: 2641-9645
Published April 14, 2020 by SAE International in United States
Citation: Jeffers, M., Miller, E., Kelly, K., Kresse, J. et al., "Development and Demonstration of a Class 6 Range-Extended Electric Vehicle for Commercial Pickup and Delivery Operation," SAE Int. J. Adv. & Curr. Prac. in Mobility 2(3):1602-1608, 2020, https://doi.org/10.4271/2020-01-0848.
Range-extended hybrids are an attractive option for medium- and heavy-duty commercial vehicle fleets because they offer the efficiency of an electrified powertrain with the driving range of a conventional diesel powertrain. The vehicle essentially operates as if it was purely electric for most trips, while ensuring that all commercial routes can be completed in any weather conditions or geographic terrain. Fuel use and point-source emissions can be significantly reduced, and in some cases eliminated, as many shorter routes can be fully electrified with this architecture.
Under a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)-funded project for Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicle Powertrain Electrification, Cummins has developed a plug-in hybrid electric Class 6 truck with a range-extending engine designed for pickup and delivery application. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) assisted by developing representative workday drive cycles for Class 6 operation and an adapted cycle to enable vehicle track testing. A novel, automated driving system was utilized by Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) to improve the repeatability of the track testing conducted to quantify vehicle energy consumption. Cummins used a drivetrain model to design the hybrid control system for increased fuel savings. The control system functionality and fuel savings objective of 50% or more were confirmed by track testing described in this paper.