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A Quasi-1D Model for the Description of ECN Spray a Combustion Process

Journal Article
2020-01-0661
ISSN: 2641-9637, e-ISSN: 2641-9645
Published April 14, 2020 by SAE International in United States
A Quasi-1D Model for the Description of ECN Spray a Combustion Process
Sector:
Citation: Garcia-Oliver, J., Novella, R., Pastor, J., Pachano, L. et al., "A Quasi-1D Model for the Description of ECN Spray a Combustion Process," SAE Int. J. Adv. & Curr. Prac. in Mobility 2(4):1974-1985, 2020, https://doi.org/10.4271/2020-01-0661.
Language: English

Abstract:

An existing one-dimensional (1D) spray model, which successfully captures inert spray processes, has been extended to enable prediction of ignition delay and lift-off length under reacting conditions. For that purpose, an additional transport equation for the progress variable has been incorporated, which includes detailed chemistry effects by means of a tabulation method based upon an external flamelet solver. The transport equation for the progress variable is solved in a quasi-1D fashion, along presumed mixture fraction trajectories, while the 1D approach is retained for the mixture fraction and axial velocity fields.
The paper includes the model development, as well as the validation against Spray A measurements from the Engine Combustion Network. In spite of the simplified approach, the model captures some of the experimental trends of the lift-off length and ignition delay with a quite low computational cost. The approach reinforces the hypothesis of lift-off stabilization due to autoignition process. It also provides an explicit link between the chemical mechanism and the spray ignition and lift-off phenomena.