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Orbital Forming of Automotive Wheel Bearings

Journal Article
ISSN: 2641-9637, e-ISSN: 2641-9645
Published September 15, 2019 by SAE International in United States
Orbital Forming of Automotive Wheel Bearings
Citation: Sponsler, J., "Orbital Forming of Automotive Wheel Bearings," SAE Int. J. Adv. & Curr. Prac. in Mobility 2(2):887-891, 2020,
Language: English


Orbital forming is considered an optimal assembly process for many designs of automotive wheel bearing assemblies. More specifically, this process involves forming the spindle over the inner race of the wheel bearing to maximize surface area contact on the inner ring for retention, and to maintain bearing preload. The unique forming properties and precise controls allow orbital forming to produce an ideal finished retention feature and form for these types of bearings. This paper discusses the specific benefits of orbital forming of automotive wheel bearings. Forming basics, the physics behind the benefits of orbital forming, as well as pre-form lip geometry and other part design considerations are presented. Advanced machine control methodologies and historical machine process improvements are also reviewed concluding with next steps in process control and in-machine quality assurance.