This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Long-Term Evolution of Straight Crossing Path Crash Occurrence in the U.S. Fleet: The Potential of Intersection Active Safety Systems
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published April 2, 2019 by SAE International in United States
This content contains downloadable datasetsAnnotation ability available
Intersection collisions currently account for approximately one-fifth of all crashes and one-sixth of all fatal crashes in the United States. One promising method of mitigating these crashes and fatalities is to develop and install Intersection Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (I-ADAS) on vehicles. When an intersection crash is imminent, the I-ADAS system can either warn the driver or apply automated braking. The potential safety benefit of I-ADAS has been previously examined based on real-world cases drawn from the National Motor Vehicle Crash Causation Survey (NMVCCS). However, these studies made the idealized assumption of full installation in all vehicles of a future fleet. The objective of this work was to predict the reduction in Straight Crossing Path (SCP) crashes due to I-ADAS systems in the United States over time. The proportion of new vehicles with I-ADAS was modeled using Highway Loss Data Institute (HLDI) fleet penetration predictions. The number of potential SCP conflicts was modeled as increasing year over year due to a predicted increase in Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT) each year. Finally, the combined effect of these changes was used to predict the number of SCP crashes each year from 2019 to 2045.
CitationBareiss, M., Gabler, H., and Sherony, R., "Long-Term Evolution of Straight Crossing Path Crash Occurrence in the U.S. Fleet: The Potential of Intersection Active Safety Systems," SAE Technical Paper 2019-01-1023, 2019, https://doi.org/10.4271/2019-01-1023.
Data Sets - Support Documents
|[Unnamed Dataset 1]|
|[Unnamed Dataset 2]|
- Scanlon, J.M., Sherony, R., and Gabler, H.C., “Injury Mitigation Estimates for an Intersection Driver Assistance System in Straight Crossing Path Crashes in the United States,” Traffic Inj Prev 18(sup1):S9-S17, 2017, doi:10.1080/15389588.2017.1300257.
- Scanlon, J.M., Sherony, R., and Gabler, H.C., “Preliminary Potential Crash Prevention Estimates for an Intersection Advanced Driver Assistance System in Straight Crossing Path Crashes,” in 2016 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IV), 1135-1140, 2016, doi:10.1109/IVS.2016.7535532.
- Bellis, E. and Page, J., “National Motor Vehicle Crash Causation Survey SAS Analytical Users Manual,” 2008.
- Highway Loss Data Institute, “Predicted Availability and Fitment of Safety Features on Registered Vehicles,” 2017.
- Office of Highway Policy Information and Federal Highway Administration, “FHWA Forecasts of Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT): Spring 2017,” 2017.
- Sander, U. and Lubbe, N., “Market Penetration of Intersection AEB: Characterizing Avoided and Residual Straight Crossing Path Accidents,” Accid Anal Prev 115:178-188, 2018, doi:10.1016/j.aap.2018.03.025.
- FHWA, “Public Road Mileage, Lane-Miles, and VMT,” https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policyinformation/statistics/2015/vmt422c.cfm, 2016.
- NHTSA, “NHTSA-IIHS Announcement on AEB,” Text, https://www.nhtsa.gov/press-releases/nhtsa-iihs-announcement-aeb, 2017.