High Load Expansion of Catalytic EGR-Loop Reforming under Stoichiometric Conditions for Increased Efficiency in Spark Ignition Engines
To be published on April 2, 2019 by SAE International in United States
The use of fuel reformate from catalytic processes is known to have beneficial effects on the spark-ignited (SI) combustion process through enhanced dilution tolerance and decreased combustion duration, but in many cases reformate generation can incur a significant fuel penalty. In a previous investigation, the researchers showed that by controlling the boundary conditions of the reforming catalyst, it was possible to minimize the thermodynamic expense of the reforming process, and in some cases, realize thermochemical recuperation (TCR), a form of waste heat recovery where exhaust heat is converted to usable chemical energy. The previous work, however, focused on a relatively light load engine operating condition of 2000 rpm, 4 bar BMEP. The present investigation demonstrates that this operating strategy is applicable to higher engine loads, including boosted operation up to 16 bar BMEP. By controlling the reforming catalyst boundary conditions, it is possible achieve reforming without experiencing high temperature exotherms that could be damaging to the catalyst. Additionally, the thermodynamic air handling consequences of operating a highly dilute strategy at high loads is quantified. Finally, the impact of this operating strategy on knocking tendency is described. The combined effect of this strategy was to decrease the fuel consumption of the engine by up to 10% at boosted operating conditions under stoichiometric conditions without an increase in compression ratio.