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Effects of Turbulence Modeling and Grid Quality on the Zonal URANS/LES Simulation of Static and Reciprocating Engine-Like Geometries
ISSN: 1946-3936, e-ISSN: 1946-3944
Published April 03, 2018 by SAE International in United States
Citation: Krastev, V., Silvestri, L., and Bella, G., "Effects of Turbulence Modeling and Grid Quality on the Zonal URANS/LES Simulation of Static and Reciprocating Engine-Like Geometries," SAE Int. J. Engines 11(6):669-686, 2018, https://doi.org/10.4271/2018-01-0173.
The interest in Unsteady Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (URANS)/Large Eddy Simulation (LES) hybrids, for the simulation of turbulent flows in Internal Combustion Engines (ICE), is consistently growing. An increasing number of applications can be found in the specialized literature for the past few years, including both seamless and zonal hybrid formulations. Following this trend, we have already developed a Detached Eddy Simulation (DES)-based zonal modeling technique, which was found to have adequate scale-resolving capabilities in several engine-like reference tests. In the present article we further extend our study by evaluating the effects of the underlying turbulence model and of the grid quality/morphology on the scale-resolved part of the flow. For that purpose, we consider DES formulations based on an enhanced version of the k-g URANS model and on the URANS form of the popular RNG k-ε model. The simulated test cases include a static intake valve geometry and a reference reciprocating piston/cylinder assembly. All the numerical predictions are assessed against the available experimental datasets and with previous computational studies made by other research groups.