This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Sensitivity Analysis of a FE Model for Motorcycle-Car Full-Scale Crash Test
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published November 11, 2014 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
In the study of new solutions for motorcycle passive safety, FE models of full-scale crash tests play a strategic role. The most important issue in the development process of FE models is their reliability to reproduce real crash tests.
To help the engineering in the validation phase, a sensitivity analysis of a FE model for motorcycle-car crash tests is carried-out. The aim of this study is to investigate the model response subjected to variations of specific input parameters.
The DOE is performed generating a list of simulations (each one composed by a unique combination of 8 parameters) through Latin Hypercube Sampling. The outputs monitored are the Head Injury Criterion (HIC) and Neck Injury Criteria (Nij).
The analysis of the results is performed using scatter plots and linear regression curves to identify the parameters that have major impact on the outputs and to assess the type of dependency (linear or non-linear).
CitationBarbani, D., Baldanzini, N., and Pierini, M., "Sensitivity Analysis of a FE Model for Motorcycle-Car Full-Scale Crash Test," SAE Technical Paper 2014-32-0023, 2014, https://doi.org/10.4271/2014-32-0023.
- European Commission, “White Paper - European transport policy for 2010: Time to decide,” Tech. Rep., Luxembourg, 2001.
- European Commission, “Keep Europe moving - sustainable mobility for our continent,” Tech. Rep., Luxembourg, 2006.
- European Commission, “White Paper on transport - roadmap to a single European transport area - towards a competitive and resource-efficient transport system,” Tech. rep., Luxembourg, 2011.
- Barbani Daniele, Baldanzini Niccolò & Pierini Marco, “Development and validation of an FE model for motorcycle-car crash test simulations,” Int. J. Crashworthiness, doi:10.1080/13588265.2013.874672.
- WAGNER, Harvey M. “Global sensitivity analysis.” Operations Research, 1995, 43.6: 948-969.
- ISO 13232:2005 (en), “Motorcycles - test and analysis procedures for research evaluation of rider crash protective devices fitted to motorcycles.”.
- Driessche H., “Development of an ISO standard for motorcycle research impact test procedures,” 14th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, Munich, Germany, 1994.
- Barbani D., Pierini M., and Baldanzini N., “FE modelling of a motorcycle tire for full-scale crash simulations,” Int. J. Crashworthiness 17 (2012), pp. 309-318.
- 49 CFR Part 572, “Anthropomorphic test devices, Subpart E - Hybrid III Test Dummy,” 1993.
- Pratellesi A., Turrin S., Haag T., Scippa A., and Baldanzini N., “On the effect of testing uncertainties in the homologation tests of motorcycle helmets according to ECE 22.05,” Int.J.Crashworthiness 16 (2011), pp. 523-536.
- Economic Commission for Europe, “Regulation No. 22, Uniform provisions concerning the approval of protective helmets and of their visors for drivers and passengers of motor cycles and mopeds,” United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), 2000.
- Kan C., “Finite element model of Ford Taurus, model Year 2001, Version 3,” Tech. rep., National Crash Analysis Center, 2008.
- Versace J., A review of severity index, SAE Tech. Paper 710881, 1971, pp. 771-796. doi:10.4271/710881.
- Hutchinson J., Kaiser MJ and Lankarani HM, “The Head Injury Criterion (HIC) functional”, Applied Mathematics and Computation, vol. 96, no. 1, p. 1-16, 1998.
- Schweizerhof K., “On current state-of-the-art crashworthiness analysis with LS-DYNA,” Tech. Rep., Universität Karlsruhe, Institute for Mechanics, Karlsruhe, 2001.
- Zaouk A., Marzougui D., and Bedewi N., “Development of a detailed vehicle finite element model. Part I: Methodology,” Int. J. Crashworthiness 5 (2000), pp. 25-36.
- Zaouk A., Marzougui D., and Kan C., “Development of a detailed vehicle finite element model Part II: Material characterization and component testing,” Int. J. Crashworthiness 5 (2000), pp. 37-50.
- Chawla A., Mukherjee S., Mohan D., Bose D., Rawat P., Sakurai M., and Nakatani T., “FE simulations of motorcycle-car frontal crashes, validations and observations,” Int. J. Crashworthiness 10 (2005), pp. 319-326.
- Chawla A., Mukherjee S., Mohan D., Singh M., Sakurai M., and Nakatani T., “A methodology for car - motorcycle crash simulation,” Jari Res. J. 23 (2001), pp. 98-101.
- Mukherjee S., Chawla A., Mohan D., Singh M., Sakurai M., and Tamura Y., “Motorcycle-car side impact simulation,” International IRCOBI Conference, 10-12 October, Isle of Man, UK, 2001.
- Namiki, H., Nakamura, T., and Iijima, S., “A Computer Simulation for Motorcycle Rider-Motion in Collision,” SAE Technical Paper 2003-32-0044, 2003, doi:10.4271/2003-32-0044.
- Namiki H., Nakamura T., and Iijima S., “A computer simulation for motorcycle rider injury evaluation in collision,” 19th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, 6-9 June, Washington, DC, 2005.
- Deguchi M., “Modeling of a motorcycle for collision simulation,” 18th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, 19-22 May, Nagoya, Japan, 2003.
- Deguchi M., “Simulation of motorcycle-car collision,” 19th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, 6-9 June, Washington, DC, 2005.
- Saltelli A., Ratto M., Andres T., et al., “Global Sensitivity Analysis,” Wiley.
- Mckay M. D., Beckman R. J., Conover W. J., “A Comparison of Three Methods for Selecting Values of Input Variables in the Analysis of Output from a Computer,” Code. Technometrics, Vol. 42, No. 1, Special 40th Anniversary Issue (Feb. 2000), pp. 55-61. American Statistical Association and American Society for Quality.
- khan Amir Ali, Lye Leonard & Husain Tahir, “Latin hypercube sampling for uncertainty analysis in multiphase modelling.”.
- Helton, Davis and Johnson, “A comparison of uncertainty and sensitivity analysis results obtained with random and Latin hypercube sampling,”.
- Eppinger R., Sun E., Bandak F., Haffner M., Khaewpong N., Maltese M., Kuppa S., Nguyen T., Takhounts E., Tannous R., Zang A., and Saul R., Development of improved injury criteria for the assessment of advanced automotive restraint systems - II, Tech. Rep. 1999-6407-5, NHTSA, Washington DC, 1999.
- Iman, Ronald L., and Helton Jon C.. “A Comparison of Uncertainty and Sensitivity Analysis Techniques for Computer Models.” Albuquerque, New Mexico: Sandia National Laboratories, 1985.