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One Dimensional Modeling and Experimental Validation of Single Cylinder Pneumatic Combustion Hybrid Engine
ISSN: 1946-3936, e-ISSN: 1946-3944
Published September 11, 2011 by SAE International in United States
Citation: Brejaud, P., Higelin, P., Charlet, A., Colin, G. et al., "One Dimensional Modeling and Experimental Validation of Single Cylinder Pneumatic Combustion Hybrid Engine," SAE Int. J. Engines 4(2):2326-2337, 2011, https://doi.org/10.4271/2011-24-0074.
The objective of this paper is to present and to validate a numerical model of a single-cylinder pneumatic-combustion hybrid engine. The model presented in this paper contains 0-D sub-models for non-spatially distributed components: Engine cylinder, Air tank, wall heat losses. 1-D sub-models for spatially distributed components are applied on the compressive gas flows in pipes (intake, exhaust and charging). Each pipe is discretized, using the Two-Steps Lax-Wendroff scheme (LW2) including Davis T.V.D. The boundaries conditions used at pipe ends are Method Of Characteristics (MOC) based. In the specific case of a valve, an original intermediate volume MOC based boundary condition is used. The numerical results provided by the engine model are compared with the experimental data obtained from a single cylinder prototype hybrid engine on a test bench operating in 4-stroke pneumatic pump and 4 stroke pneumatic motor modes. In each mode, the prediction of the mass flow rates, amplitude and timing of the charging pipe waves are satisfactory, without using any discharge coefficient. Indicated work and p-V diagrams are similar between simulation and measurements in the case of pneumatic pump mode. For the pneumatic motor mode the model underestimates cylinder pressure during the charging process.