This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Analysis of EGR Effects on the Soot Distribution in a Heavy Duty Diesel Engine using Time-Resolved Laser Induced Incandescence

Journal Article
ISSN: 1946-3936, e-ISSN: 1946-3944
Published October 25, 2010 by SAE International in United States
Analysis of EGR Effects on the Soot Distribution in a Heavy Duty Diesel Engine using Time-Resolved Laser Induced Incandescence
Citation: Aronsson, U., Chartier, C., Andersson, Ö., Johansson, B. et al., "Analysis of EGR Effects on the Soot Distribution in a Heavy Duty Diesel Engine using Time-Resolved Laser Induced Incandescence," SAE Int. J. Engines 3(2):137-155, 2010,
Language: English


  1. Akihama, K., Takatori, Y., Inagaki, K., Sasaki, S. et al., “Mechanism of the Smokeless Rich Diesel Combustion by Reducing Temperature,” SAE Technical Paper 2001-01-0655, 2001, doi:10.4271/2001-01-0655.
  2. Heywood, J.B., Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals, McGraw-Hill Book Co, New York, US, 1988
  3. Dec, J.E., “A Conceptual Model of DI Diesel Combustion Based on Laser-Sheet Imaging,” SAE Technical Paper 970873, 1997, doi:10.4271/970873.
  4. Svensson, K.I., Effects of fuel molecular structure and composition on soot formation in direct-injection spray flames. Dissertation. Brigham Young University, 2005.
  5. Griffiths, J.F. and Barnard, J.A., Flame and combustion third edition, Alden press, Oxford, UK, 1995
  6. Musculus, M.P.B., “Multiple Simultaneous Optical Diagnostic Imaging of Early-Injection Low-Temperature Combustion in a Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine,” SAE Technical Paper 2006-01-0079, 2006, doi:10.4271/2006-01-0079.
  7. Idicheria, C.A. and Pickett, L.M., “Quantitative Mixing Measurements in a Vaporizing Diesel Spray by Rayleigh Imaging,” SAE Technical Paper 2007-01-0647, 2007, doi:10.4271/2007-01-0647.
  8. Idicheria, C.A. and Pickett, L.M., “Soot Formation in Diesel Combustion under High-EGR Conditions,” SAE Technical Paper 2005-01-3834, 2005, doi:10.4271/2005-01-3834.
  9. Aronsson, U., Chartier, C., Andersson, Ö., Egnell, R. et al., “Analysis of the Correlation Between Engine-Out Particulates and Local Φ in the Lift-Off Region of a Heavy Duty Diesel Engine Using Raman Spectroscopy,” SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr. 2(1):645-660, 2009, doi:10.4271/2009-01-1357.
  10. Santoro, R.J. and Shaddix, C.R., “Laser-Induced Incandescence”, Applied Combustion Diagnostics 252-286, 2002
  11. Schulz, C., Kock, B.F., Hofmann, M., Michelsen, H., Will, S., Bougie, B., Suntz, R. and Smallwood, G., “Laser-induced incandescence: recent trends and current questions”, Appl. Phys. B 83 (3): 333-354, 2006,
  12. Dec, J.E., “Advanced compression-ignition engines - understanding the in-cylinder processes”, Proc. Combust. Inst. 32 (2): 2727-2742, 2009,
  13. Dec, J.E., “Soot Distribution in a D.I. Diesel Engine Using 2-D Imaging of Laser-Induced Incandescence, Elastic Scattering, and Flame Luminosity,” SAE Technical Paper 920115, 1992, doi:10.4271/920115.
  14. Dec, J.E. and Espey, C., “Soot and Fuel Distributions in a D.I. Diesel Engine via 2-D Imaging,” SAE Technical Paper 922307, 1992, doi:10.4271/922307.
  15. Zhao, H. and Ladommatos, N., “Optical diagnostics for soot and temperature measurement in diesel engines”, Prog. Energy Combust. 24 221-255, 1998,
  16. Bladh, H., Hildingsson, L., Gross, V., Hultqvist, A. and Bengtsson, P.-E., “Quantitative soot measurements in an HSDI Diesel engine”, Proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on Applications of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechanics 2006.
  17. Dec, J.E. and Espey, C., “Ignition and Early Soot Formation in a DI Diesel Engine Using Multiple 2-D Imaging Diagnostics,” SAE Technical Paper 950456, 1995, doi:10.4271/950456.
  18. Bougie, B., Ganippa, L.C., Van Vliet, A.P., Meerts, W.L., Dam, N.J. and Ter Meulen, J.J., “Soot paniculate size characterization in a heavy-duty diesel engine for different engine loads by laser-induced incandescence”, Proc. Combust. Inst. 31 (1): 685-691, 2007,
  19. Snelling, D.R., Smallwood, G.J., Liu, F., Gülder, Ö.L. and Bachalo, W.D., “A calibration-independent laser-induced incandescence technique for soot measurement by detecting absolute light intensity”, Appl. Opt. 44 (31): 6773-6785, 2005,
  20. Bladh, H., Johnsson, J. and Bengtsson, P.E., “Influence of spatial laser energy distribution on evaluated soot particle sizes using two-colour laser-induced incandescence in a flat premixed ethylene/air flame”, Appl. Phys. B 96 (4): 645-656, 2009,
  21. Omrane, A., Särner, G. and Aldén, M., “2D-temperature imaging of single droplets and sprays using thermographic phosphors”, Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics 79 (4): 431-434, 2004,
  22. Melton, L.A., “Soot Diagnostics Based on Laser-Heating”, Appl. Opt. 23 (13): 2201-2208, 1984,
  23. Bladh, H., Johnsson, J. and Bengtsson, P.-E., “On the dependence of the laser-induced incandescence (LII) signal on soot volume fraction for variations in particle size”, Appl. Phys. B 90 (1): 109-125, 2008, 10.1007/s00340-007-2826-0.
  24. Inagaki, K., Miura, S., Nakakita, K. and Watanabe, S., “Quantitative soot concentration measurement with the correction of attenuated signal intensity using laser-induced incandescence”, The Fourth international Symposium COMODIA 98 371-378,1998.
  25. Talley, D.G., “Optical patternation method”, US 6,734,965 B2, May 11, 2004.
  26. Bladh, H. and Bengtsson, P.-E., “Characteristics of laser-induced incandescence from soot in studies of a time-dependent heat-and mass-transfer model”, Appl. Phys. B 78 (2): 241-248, 2004,
  27. Dreier, T., Bougie, B., Dam, N. and Gerber, T., “Modeling of time-resolved laser-induced incandescence transients for particle sizing in high-pressure spray combustion environments: a comparative study”, Appl. Phys. B 83 (3): 403-411, 2006,
  28. Hofmann, M., Bessler, W.G., Schulz, C. and Jander, H., “Laser-induced incandescence for soot diagnostics at high pressures”, Appl. Opt. 42 (12): 2052-2062, 2003,
  29. Yoder, G.D., Diwakar, P.K. and Hahn, D.W., “Assessment of soot particle vaporization effects during laser-induced incandescence with time-resolved light scattering”, Appl. Opt. 44 (20): 4211-4219, 2005,
  30. Hult, J., Richter, M., Nygren, J., Aldén, M., Hultqvist, A., Christensen, M. and Johansson, B., “Application of a high-repetitionrate laser diagnostic system for single-cycle-resolved imaging in internal combustion engines”, Applied Optics 41 (24): 5002-5014, 2002,
  31. Goulay, F., Schrader, P.E., Nemes, L., Dansson, M.A. and Michelsen, H.A., “Photochemical interferences for laser-induced incandescence of flame-generated soot”, Proc. Combust. Inst. 32 (1): 963-970, 2009,
  32. Bowditch, F.W., “A New Tool for Combustion Research - A Quartz Piston Engine,” SAE Technical Paper 610002, 1961, doi:10.4271/610002.
  33. Bruneaux, G., “A Study of Soot Cloud Structure In High Pressure Single Hole Common Rail Diesel Injection Using Multi-Layered Laser-Induced Incandescence”, presented at COMODIA 2001, July 1-4,2001.
  34. Musculus, M.P.B. and Pickett, L.A., “Diagnostic considerations for optical laser-extinction measurements of soot in high-pressure transient combustion environments”, Combust. Flame 141 (4): 371-391, 2005,
  35. Kitamura, T., Ito, T., Senda, J., and Fujimoto, H., Mechanism of Smokeless Diesel Combustion with Oxygenated Fuels Based on the Dependency of the Equivalence Ratio and Temperature on Soot Particle Formation”, International Journal of Engine Research, Vol. 3, No. 4, pp.223-247, 2002.
  36. Mayer, A., Czerwinski, J., Wyser, M., Mattel, P. et al., “Impact of RME/Diesel Blends on Particle Formation, Particle Filtration and PAH Emissions,” SAE Technical Paper 2005-01-1728, 2005, doi:10.4271/2005-01-1728.
  37. Siebers, D.L., “Scaling Liquid-Phase Fuel Penetration in Diesel Sprays Based on Mixing-Limited Vaporization,” SAE Technical Paper 1999-01-0528, 1999, doi:10.4271/1999-01-0528.

Cited By