This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Analysis of EGR Effects on the Soot Distribution in a Heavy Duty Diesel Engine using Time-Resolved Laser Induced Incandescence

Journal Article
ISSN: 1946-3936, e-ISSN: 1946-3944
Published October 25, 2010 by SAE International in United States
Analysis of EGR Effects on the Soot Distribution in a Heavy Duty Diesel Engine using Time-Resolved Laser Induced Incandescence
Citation: Aronsson, U., Chartier, C., Andersson, Ö., Johansson, B. et al., "Analysis of EGR Effects on the Soot Distribution in a Heavy Duty Diesel Engine using Time-Resolved Laser Induced Incandescence," SAE Int. J. Engines 3(2):137-155, 2010,
Language: English


  1. Akihama, K. Takatori, Y. Inagaki, K. Sasaki, S. et al. “Mechanism of the Smokeless Rich Diesel Combustion by Reducing Temperature,” SAE Technical Paper 2001-01-0655 2001 10.4271/2001-01-0655
  2. Heywood, J.B. Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals McGraw-Hill Book Co New York, US 1988
  3. Dec, J.E. “A Conceptual Model of DI Diesel Combustion Based on Laser-Sheet Imaging,” SAE Technical Paper 970873 1997 10.4271/970873
  4. Svensson, K.I. Effects of fuel molecular structure and composition on soot formation in direct-injection spray flames Brigham Young University 2005
  5. Griffiths, J.F. Barnard, J.A. Flame and combustion third edition Alden press Oxford, UK 1995
  6. Musculus, M.P.B. “Multiple Simultaneous Optical Diagnostic Imaging of Early-Injection Low-Temperature Combustion in a Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine,” SAE Technical Paper 2006-01-0079 2006 10.4271/2006-01-0079
  7. Idicheria, C.A. Pickett, L.M. “Quantitative Mixing Measurements in a Vaporizing Diesel Spray by Rayleigh Imaging,” SAE Technical Paper 2007-01-0647 2007 10.4271/2007-01-0647
  8. Idicheria, C.A. Pickett, L.M. “Soot Formation in Diesel Combustion under High-EGR Conditions,” SAE Technical Paper 2005-01-3834 2005 10.4271/2005-01-3834
  9. Aronsson, U. Chartier, C. Andersson, Ö. Egnell, R. et al. “Analysis of the Correlation Between Engine-Out Particulates and Local Φ in the Lift-Off Region of a Heavy Duty Diesel Engine Using Raman Spectroscopy,” SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr. 2 1 645 660 2009 10.4271/2009-01-1357
  10. Santoro, R.J. Shaddix, C.R. “Laser-Induced Incandescence” Applied Combustion Diagnostics 252 286 2002
  11. Schulz, C. Kock, B.F. Hofmann, M. Michelsen, H. Will, S. Bougie, B. Suntz, R. Smallwood, G. “Laser-induced incandescence: recent trends and current questions” Appl. Phys. B 83 3 333 354 2006
  12. Dec, J.E. “Advanced compression-ignition engines - understanding the in-cylinder processes” Proc. Combust. Inst. 32 2 2727 2742 2009
  13. Dec, J.E. “Soot Distribution in a D.I. Diesel Engine Using 2-D Imaging of Laser-Induced Incandescence, Elastic Scattering, and Flame Luminosity,” SAE Technical Paper 920115 1992 10.4271/920115
  14. Dec, J.E. Espey, C. “Soot and Fuel Distributions in a D.I. Diesel Engine via 2-D Imaging,” SAE Technical Paper 922307 1992 10.4271/922307
  15. Zhao, H. Ladommatos, N. “Optical diagnostics for soot and temperature measurement in diesel engines” Prog. Energy Combust. 24 221 255 1998
  16. Bladh, H. Hildingsson, L. Gross, V. Hultqvist, A. Bengtsson, P.-E. “Quantitative soot measurements in an HSDI Diesel engine” Proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on Applications of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechanics 2006
  17. Dec, J.E. Espey, C. “Ignition and Early Soot Formation in a DI Diesel Engine Using Multiple 2-D Imaging Diagnostics,” SAE Technical Paper 950456 1995 10.4271/950456
  18. Bougie, B. Ganippa, L.C. Van Vliet, A.P. Meerts, W.L. Dam, N.J. Ter Meulen, J.J. “Soot paniculate size characterization in a heavy-duty diesel engine for different engine loads by laser-induced incandescence” Proc. Combust. Inst. 31 1 685 691 2007
  19. Snelling, D.R. Smallwood, G.J. Liu, F. Gülder, Ö.L. Bachalo, W.D. “A calibration-independent laser-induced incandescence technique for soot measurement by detecting absolute light intensity” Appl. Opt. 44 31 6773 6785 2005
  20. Bladh, H. Johnsson, J. Bengtsson, P.E. “Influence of spatial laser energy distribution on evaluated soot particle sizes using two-colour laser-induced incandescence in a flat premixed ethylene/air flame” Appl. Phys. B 96 4 645 656 2009
  21. Omrane, A. Särner, G. Aldén, M. “2D-temperature imaging of single droplets and sprays using thermographic phosphors” Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics 79 4 431 434 2004
  22. Melton, L.A. “Soot Diagnostics Based on Laser-Heating” Appl. Opt. 23 13 2201 2208 1984
  23. Bladh, H. Johnsson, J. Bengtsson, P.-E. “On the dependence of the laser-induced incandescence (LII) signal on soot volume fraction for variations in particle size” Appl. Phys. B 90 1 109 125 2008 10.1007/s00340-007-2826-0
  24. Inagaki, K. Miura, S. Nakakita, K. Watanabe, S. “Quantitative soot concentration measurement with the correction of attenuated signal intensity using laser-induced incandescence” The Fourth international Symposium COMODIA 98 371 378 1998
  25. Talley, D.G. “Optical patternation method” US 6,734,965 B2 May 11 2004
  26. Bladh, H. Bengtsson, P.-E. “Characteristics of laser-induced incandescence from soot in studies of a time-dependent heat-and mass-transfer model” Appl. Phys. B 78 2 241 248 2004
  27. Dreier, T. Bougie, B. Dam, N. Gerber, T. “Modeling of time-resolved laser-induced incandescence transients for particle sizing in high-pressure spray combustion environments: a comparative study” Appl. Phys. B 83 3 403 411 2006
  28. Hofmann, M. Bessler, W.G. Schulz, C. Jander, H. “Laser-induced incandescence for soot diagnostics at high pressures” Appl. Opt. 42 12 2052 2062 2003
  29. Yoder, G.D. Diwakar, P.K. Hahn, D.W. “Assessment of soot particle vaporization effects during laser-induced incandescence with time-resolved light scattering” Appl. Opt. 44 20 4211 4219 2005
  30. Hult, J. Richter, M. Nygren, J. Aldén, M. Hultqvist, A. Christensen, M. Johansson, B. “Application of a high-repetitionrate laser diagnostic system for single-cycle-resolved imaging in internal combustion engines” Applied Optics 41 24 5002 5014 2002
  31. Goulay, F. Schrader, P.E. Nemes, L. Dansson, M.A. Michelsen, H.A. “Photochemical interferences for laser-induced incandescence of flame-generated soot” Proc. Combust. Inst. 32 1 963 970 2009
  32. Bowditch, F.W. “A New Tool for Combustion Research - A Quartz Piston Engine,” SAE Technical Paper 610002 1961 10.4271/610002
  33. Bruneaux, G. “A Study of Soot Cloud Structure In High Pressure Single Hole Common Rail Diesel Injection Using Multi-Layered Laser-Induced Incandescence” COMODIA 2001 July 1-4 2001
  34. Musculus, M.P.B. Pickett, L.A. “Diagnostic considerations for optical laser-extinction measurements of soot in high-pressure transient combustion environments” Combust. Flame 141 4 371 391 2005
  35. Kitamura, T. Ito, T. Senda, J. Fujimoto, H. Mechanism of Smokeless Diesel Combustion with Oxygenated Fuels Based on the Dependency of the Equivalence Ratio and Temperature on Soot Particle Formation” International Journal of Engine Research 3 4 223 247 2002
  36. Mayer, A. Czerwinski, J. Wyser, M. Mattel, P. et al. “Impact of RME/Diesel Blends on Particle Formation, Particle Filtration and PAH Emissions,” SAE Technical Paper 2005-01-1728 2005 10.4271/2005-01-1728
  37. Siebers, D.L. “Scaling Liquid-Phase Fuel Penetration in Diesel Sprays Based on Mixing-Limited Vaporization,” SAE Technical Paper 1999-01-0528 1999 10.4271/1999-01-0528

Cited By