This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Effect of Ethanol and n-Butanol on Standard Gasoline Regarding Laminar Burning Velocities
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published May 05, 2010 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
Ethanol is frequently used as a blending component in standard gasoline, with blend rates up to 10%vol liq . n-Butanol has received recent interest as an alternative fuel instead of ethanol for use in spark ignition engines. Similar to ethanol, n-butanol can be produced via the fermentation of sugars, starches, and lignocelluloses obtained from agricultural feedstock.
It is of great interest to modern engine development to understand the effect of ethanol and n-butanol as blending components on the laminar burning velocity of standard gasoline. The laminar burning velocity is one key parameter for the numerical simulation of gasoline engine combustion processes.
Tested fuel components are ethanol, n-butanol, and standard marked gasoline without any oxygen content. Fuel blends consist of standard-marked gasoline containing ethanol and butanol. The maximum blend rate of oxygenates is 10%vol liq . Experiments were done at different equivalence ratios between 0.7 and 1.3. Test conditions in this work are pressures of 10 bar and temperatures of 373 K.
The experimental setup consists of a spherical closed pressurized combustion vessel with optical access. Experimental results are discussed and compared with the numerical simulations, as far as models are available, and references from the literature.
CitationBeeckmann, J., Kruse, S., and Peters, N., "Effect of Ethanol and n-Butanol on Standard Gasoline Regarding Laminar Burning Velocities," SAE Technical Paper 2010-01-1452, 2010, https://doi.org/10.4271/2010-01-1452.
- Zhao, Z. Conley, J.P. Kazakov, A. Dryer, F.L. “Burning Velocities of Real Gasoline Fuel at 353 K and 500 K,” SAE Technical Paper 2003-01-3265 2003
- Stanglmaier, R.H. Roberts, C.E. Mehta, D. Chadwell, C.J. et al. “Measurement of Laminar Burning Velocity of Multi-Component Fuel Blends for Use in High-Performance SI Engines,” SAE Technical Paper 2003-01-3185 2003
- Jerzembeck, S. Sharma, A. Peters, N. “Laminar Burning Velocities of Nitrogen Diluted Standard Gasoline-Air Mixture,” SAE Technical Paper 2008-01-1075 2008
- Hyvönen, J. J. Experimentelle und numerische Untersuchungen magerer Methan-Hochdruckverbrennung unter Mikrogravitation RWTH Aachen University 2000
- Beeckmann, J. Röhl, O. Peters, N. “Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Laminar Burning Velocities of iso-Octane, Ethanol and n-Butanol,” SAE Technical Paper 2009-01-2784 2009
- Beeckmann, J. Röhl, O. Peters, N. “Experimental and Numerical Investigation of iso-Octane, Methanol and Ethanol Regarding Laminar Burning Velocity at Elevated Pressure and Temperature,” SAE Technical Paper 2009-01-1774 2009
- Jerzembeck, S. Peters, N. Pepiot-Desjardins, P. Pitsch, H. Laminar burning velocities at high pressure for primary reference fuels and gasoline: Experimental and numerical investigation Combustion and Flame 156 2 292 301 2009
- Beeckmann, J. Keppner, J. Glatz, T. Peters, N. “Laminar Burning Velocities of Dimethyl Ether, n-Heptane and iso-Octane at High Pressure,” SAE Technical Paper 2009-01-2656 2009
- Menrad, H. König, A. Alkoholkraftstoffe Springer Verlag Wien 1982
- Chemisch-physikalische Daten von Otto- und Dieselkraftstoffen Forschungsbericht 409 DGMK 1993
- Waldmann, H. Seidel, G. H. Kraft- und Schmierstoffe Walter de Gruyter Berlin 1997
- Fuels Analysis, Standard Gasoline according to EN228 Aral Forschung BP Global Fuels Technology Bochum 2008
- Starikovskii, A. Y. Plasma supported Combustion Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 30 2 2405 2417 2005
- Otsu, N. A threshold selection method from grey level histograms IEEE Transactions on Systems Management and Cybernetics 9 62 69 1979
- Peters, N. Turbulent Comustion Cambridge University Press Cambridge 2000
- Bradley, D. Hicks, R. A. Lawes, M. Sheppard, C. G. W. Woolley, R The Measurement of Laminar Burning Velocities and Markstein Numbers for Iso-Octane-Air Mixtures and Iso-Octane-n-Heptane-Air Mixtures at Elevated Temperatures and Pressures in an Explosion Bomb Combustion and Flame 115 126 144 1998
- Clavin, P. Williams, F. A. Effects of molecular diffusion and of thermal expansion on the structure and dynamics of premixed flames in turbulent flows of large scale and low intensity J. Fluid Mech. 116 251 282 1982
- Pelce, P. Clavin, P. Influence of hydrodynamics and diffusion upon the stability limits of laminar premixed flames J. Fluid Mech. 124 219 237 1982
- Matalon, M. Matkowsky, B.J Flames as gasdynamic discontinuities J. Fluid Mech. 124 239 259 1982
- Williams, F. A. Combustion theory Addison-Wesley Menlo Park, CA 1985
- Jerzembeck, S. Röhl, O. Glawe, C. Peters, N. Thirty-Second Symposium (international) on Combustion The Combustion Institute Poster Presentation 2008
- Sarathy, S. M. Thomson, M. J. Togbe, C. Dagaut, P. Halter, F. Mounaim-Rousselle, C. An experimental and kinetic modeling study of n-butanol combustion Combustion and Flame 156 4 852 864 2009
- Marinov, N. M. A detailed chemical kinetic model for high temperature ethanol oxidation Int. J. Chem. Kinet. 31 183 220 1999
- Curran, H. J. Gaffuri, P. Pitz, W. J. Westbrook, C. K. A comprehensive modelling study on iso-octane oxidation Combustion and Flame 129 253 280 2002
- Dagaut, P. Sarathy, S. M. Thomson, M. J. A chemical kinetic study of n-butanol oxidation at elevated pressure in a jet stirred reactor Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 32 1 229 237 2009
- Goodwin D. Cantera: object-oriented software for reacting flows Technical report California Institute of Technology 2005 2009 852 864
- Müller, U. C. Bollig, M. Peters, N. Approximations for burning velocities and markstein numbers for lean hydrocarbon and methanol flames Combustion and Flame 108 2 349 356 1997
- Peters, N. Williams, F. Asymptotic structure of stoichiometric methane-air flames Combustion and Flame 68 833 840 1987
- Rohl, O. Jerzembeck, S. Beeckmann, J. Peters, N. “Numerical Investigation of Laminar Burning Velocities of High Octane Fuel Blends Containing Ethanol,” SAE Technical Paper 2009-01-0935 2009