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Sensor- Less Individual Cylinder Pressure Estimation and Closed Loop Control for Cold Start and Torque Balancing
ISSN: 1946-3936, e-ISSN: 1946-3944
Published April 12, 2010 by SAE International in United States
Citation: Rackmil, C. and McKay, D., "Sensor- Less Individual Cylinder Pressure Estimation and Closed Loop Control for Cold Start and Torque Balancing," SAE Int. J. Engines 3(1):1042-1052, 2010, https://doi.org/10.4271/2010-01-1269.
The current paper presents a by cylinder IMEP estimator which operates completely free of direct cylinder pressure sensor measurement and which, when coupled with associated closed loop torque controller and commonly used engine control hardware, can provide significant improvement in the reduction to fuel sensitivity over conventional systems at minimal or no cost. Applications of the by cylinder estimator and closed loop torque/IMEP control are described including the use of the estimator during cold start before the O2 sensor is active. The application of the IMEP estimator and controller to cold start can provide significantly improved idle quality as well as enhanced robustness to degraded fuel quality. Closed loop combustion strategies using spark and fuel are described and experimental data from V6 engine testing are presented for the estimator and available closed loop controllers.