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Characterizing the Onset of Manual Transmission Gear Rattle Part I: Experimental Results
ISSN: 1946-3995, e-ISSN: 1946-4002
Published May 19, 2009 by SAE International in United States
Citation: Robinette, D., Beikmann, R., Piorkowski, P., and Powell, M., "Characterizing the Onset of Manual Transmission Gear Rattle Part I: Experimental Results," SAE Int. J. Passeng. Cars – Mech. Syst. 2(1):1352-1364, 2009, https://doi.org/10.4271/2009-01-2063.
The objective of this investigation is to characterize the ability of loose gears to resist rattle in a manual transmission driven by an internal combustion engine. A hemi-anechoic transmission dynamometer test cell with the capability to produce torsional oscillations is utilized to initiate gear rattle in a front wheel drive (FWD) manual transmission, for a matrix of operating loads and selected gear states. A signal processing technique is derived herein to identify onset of gear rattle resulting from a standardized set of measurements. Gear rattle was identified by a distinct change in noise and vibration measures, and correlated to gear oscillations by a computed quantity referred to as percent deviation in normalized gear speed. An angular acceleration rattle threshold is defined based upon loose gear inertia and drag torque. The effects of mean speed, mean and dynamic torque, and gear state on the occurrence of loose gear rattle are reported. The second paper of this two part series discusses analytical modeling of gear rattle and the effects of parameters not easily modified or controlled through hardware testing.