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Spectroscopic Investigations and High Resolution Visualization of the Combustion Phenomena in a Boosted PFI SI Engine
ISSN: 1946-3936, e-ISSN: 1946-3944
Published June 15, 2009 by SAE International in United States
Citation: Merola, S., Sementa, P., Tornatore, C., and Vaglieco, B., "Spectroscopic Investigations and High Resolution Visualization of the Combustion Phenomena in a Boosted PFI SI Engine," SAE Int. J. Engines 2(1):1617-1629, 2009, https://doi.org/10.4271/2009-01-1814.
High spatial and temporal resolution optical techniques were applied in a spark ignition (SI) engine in order to investigate the thermal and fluid dynamic phenomena occurring during the combustion process. The experiments were realized in the combustion chamber of an optically accessible single-cylinder port-fuel injection (PFI) SI engine. The engine was equipped with a four-valve head and with an external boost device. Two fuel injection strategies at closed-valve and open-valve occurring at wide open throttle were tested.
Cycle-resolved digital imaging was used to follow the flame kernel growth and flame front propagation. Moreover, the effects of an abnormal combustion due to the firing of fuel deposition near the intake valves and on the piston surface were investigated. Natural emission spectroscopy in a wide wavelength range from ultraviolet to infrared was applied to detect the radical species that marked the combustion phenomena in the selected operating conditions. All the optical measurements were supported by the conventional measurements of the engine parameters and exhaust emissions.