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Investigating the Effects of Multiple Pilot Injections on Stability at Cold Idle for a Dl Diesel Engine
ISSN: 1946-3936, e-ISSN: 1946-3944
Published April 20, 2009 by SAE International in United States
Citation: MacMillan, D., La Rocca, A., Shayler, P., Morris, T. et al., "Investigating the Effects of Multiple Pilot Injections on Stability at Cold Idle for a Dl Diesel Engine," SAE Int. J. Engines 2(1):370-380, 2009, https://doi.org/10.4271/2009-01-0612.
An experimental investigation of combustion cycle-by-cycle stability under cold idling conditions has been carried out on a Dl diesel to examine the influence of pilot fuel injection strategy. The engine is a single cylinder variant of a multi-cylinder design meeting Euro 4 emissions requirements. The engine build had a swept volume of 500cc and a compression ratio of 18.4:1. Work output and heat release characteristics have been investigated at test temperatures of 10, 0, −10 and −20°C and speeds in the range from 600 to 1400rpm. At the lowest temperature, −20°C, stability is sensitive to the timing of main injection and is prone to deteriorate with increasing engine speed. The influence of the number of pilot injections and pilot fuel quantity on stability has been explored. Best stability was achieved by increasing the number of pilot injections as temperature is lowered, from one at 10°C to two at −10°C and between two and four at −20°C. At the lowest temperature, triple or quadruple pilot injections can broaden the region of stable operation across a range of injection timings and engine speeds. Heat release analysis shows that there is less cycle by cycle variation in phasing and cumulative heat release when multiple pilots are used.