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Stability Analysis of a Three-Wheeled Motorcycle

Journal Article
ISSN: 1946-3936, e-ISSN: 1946-3944
Published September 09, 2008 by SAE International in United States
Stability Analysis of a Three-Wheeled Motorcycle
Citation: Sponziello, A., Frendo, F., and Guiggiani, M., "Stability Analysis of a Three-Wheeled Motorcycle," SAE Int. J. Engines 1(1):1396-1401, 2009,
Language: English


In this work the modal analysis of a three-wheeled tilting motorcycle is presented. This new kind of vehicle has two front wheels and a single rear wheel, but is driven like a common motorcycle.
In order to study the stability of the system in straight running, two models have been developed: a simplified motorcycle model, with locked suspensions and rigid and thin tires and a more accurate model having 14 degrees of freedom, in which the stiffness and damping of suspensions and the radial stiffness of tires have been taken into account. In both models the frame has been considered as rigid and the driver was assumed to be fixed to the frame. A linear model with transient behaviour has been employed for describing the tire behaviour.
A reference model of a two wheeler with similar inertial properties has been also developed for comparison.