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Performance of the Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU) Airlock Coolant Loop Remediation (A/L CLR) Hardware
ISSN: 1946-3855, e-ISSN: 1946-3901
Published June 29, 2008 by SAE International in United States
Citation: Steele, J., Rector, T., Gazda, D., and Lewis, J., "Performance of the Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU) Airlock Coolant Loop Remediation (A/L CLR) Hardware," SAE Int. J. Aerosp. 1(1):261-267, 2009, https://doi.org/10.4271/2008-01-2060.
Following the Columbia accident, the EMUs (Extravehicular Mobility Units) onboard the ISS (International Space Station) went unused for an extended period of time. Upon startup, the units experienced a failure in the coolant systems. The failure resulted in a loss of EVA (Extravehicular Activity) capability from the US segment of the ISS. A failure investigation determined that chemical and biological contaminants and byproducts from the ISS Airlock Heat Exchanger, and the EMU itself, fouled the magnetically coupled pump in the EMU Transport Loop Fan/Pump Separator leading to a lack of coolant flow. Remediation hardware (the Airlock Coolant Loop Remediation water processing kit) and a process to periodically clean the EMU coolant loops on orbit were devised and implemented. The intent of this paper is to report on the successful implementation of the resultant hardware and process, and to highlight the go-forward plan.