This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Comparison of Regulated and Unregulated Emissions and Fuel Economy of SI Engines with Three Fuels: RON95, M15, and E10

Journal Article
04-12-03-0013
ISSN: 1946-3952, e-ISSN: 1946-3960
Published October 04, 2019 by SAE International in United States
Comparison of Regulated and Unregulated Emissions and Fuel Economy of SI Engines with Three Fuels: RON95, M15, and E10
Sector:
Citation: Goldwine, G., Sher, E., and Sher, D., "Comparison of Regulated and Unregulated Emissions and Fuel Economy of SI Engines with Three Fuels: RON95, M15, and E10," SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr. 12(3):189-209, 2019, https://doi.org/10.4271/04-12-03-0013.
Language: English

References

  1. Joyce , R.J. , Natusch , D.F.S. , and Richardson , D.W. Vehicle Operating Experience with Methanol as Substitute for Petrol and Diesel SAE Technical Paper 830899 1983 10.4271/830899
  2. Naman , T.M. and Striegler , B.C. Engine and Field Test Evaluation of Methanol as an Automotive Fuel SAE Technical Paper 831703 1983 10.4271/831703
  3. McGill , R.N. , Hillis , S.L. , and Wantland , J.L. First Year Results from the Federal Methanol Fleet at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory SAE Technical Paper 872042 1987 10.4271/872042
  4. McGill , R.N. and Hillis , S.L. The Department of Energy's Federal Methanol Fleet-A Progress Report SAE Technical Paper 881629 1988 10.4271/881629
  5. Fisher , M.R. , Schieler , L. , Dennler , D.D. , Nettell , R.F. et al. Bank of America 1982
  6. Su , L.-W. , Li , X.-R. , and Sun , Z.-Y. Flow Chart of Methanol in China Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 28 541 550 2013
  7. Su , L.-W. , Li , X.-R. , and Sun , Z.-Y. The Consumption, Production and Transportation of Methanol in China: A Review Energy Policy 63 130 138 2013
  8. Chen , H. , Yang , L. , Zhang , P.-H. , and Harrison , A. The Controversial Fuel Methanol Strategy in China and Its Evaluation Energy Strategy Reviews 4 28 33 2014
  9. Yang , C.-J. and Jackson , R.B. China's Growing Methanol Economy and Its Implications for Energy and the Environment Energy Policy 4 878 884 2012
  10. Liu , S. , Clemente , E.R.C. , Hu , T. , and Wei , Y. Study of Spark Ignition Engine Fueled with Methanol/Gasoline Fuel Blends Journal of Applied Thermal Energy 27 11-12 1904 1910 2007
  11. Zhao , H. , Ge , Y. , Tan , J. , Yin , H. et al. Effects of Different Mixing Ratios on Emissions from Passenger Cars Fueled with Methanol/Gasoline Blends Journal of Environmental Science 23 11 1831 1838 2011
  12. Arapatsakos , C.I. , Karkanis , A.N. , and Sparis , P.D. Behavior of a Small Four-Stroke Engine Using as Fuel Methanol-Gasoline Mixtures SAE Technical Paper 2003-32-0024 2003 10.4271/2003-32-0024
  13. Yanju , W. , Shenghua , L. , Hongsong , L. , Yang , R. et al. Effects of Methanol/Gasoline Blends on a Spark Ignition Engine Performance and Emissions Energy Fuels 22 1254 1259 2008
  14. Arapatsakos , C.I. , Karkanis , A.N. , and Spare , P.D. Gas Emissions and Engine Behavior When Gasoline-Alcohol Mixtures are Used Environmental Technology 24 9 1069 1077 2003
  15. Balki , M.K. , Sayin , C. , and Canakci , M. The Effect of Different Alcohol Fuels on the Performance, Emission and Combustion Characteristics of a Gasoline Engine Fuel 115 901 906 2014
  16. Latey , A.A. , Bhatti , T.S. , Das , L.M. , and Babu , M.K.G. Methanol Blended Fuel Investigations on an Injected Single Cylinder Spark Ignition Engine SAE Technical Paper 2005-26-031 2005 10.4271/2005-26-031
  17. Karaosmanoğlu , F. , Işiğigür , A. , and Aksoy , H.A. Methanol-Unleaded Gasoline Blends Containing Fuel Oil Fraction as Spark Ignition Engine Fuel Energy Source 19 6 567 577 1997
  18. Abu-Zaid , M. , Badran , O. , and Yamin , J. Effect of Methanol Addition on the Performance of Spark Ignition Engines Energy Fuels 18 312 315 2004
  19. Dai , P. , Ge , Y. , Lin , Y. , Su , S. et al. Investigation on Characteristics of Exhaust and Evaporative Emissions from Passenger Cars Fueled with Gasoline/Methanol Blends Fuel 113 10 16 2013
  20. Baugh , J. , Ray , W. , Black , F. , and Snow , R. Motor Vehicle Emissions under Reduced Ambient Temperature Idle Operating Conditions Atmospheric Environment 21 10 2077 2082 1987
  21. Eyidogan , M. , Necati , O.A. , Canakci , M. , and Turkcan , A. Impact of Alcohol-Gasoline Fuel Blends on the Performance and Combustion Characteristics of an SI Engine Fuel 89 10 2713 2720 2010
  22. Hu , T. , Yanjv, W. , Liu , S. Zhou , L. Improvement of Spark Ignition (SI) Engine Combustion and Emission during Cold Start, Fueled with Methanol/Gasoline Blends Energy Fuels 21 1 171 175 2007
  23. Vancoillie , J. , Demuynck , J. , Sileghem , L. , Van De Ginste , M. et al. Comparison of the Renewable Transportation Fuels, Hydrogen and Methanol Formed from Hydrogen, with Gasoline-Engine Efficiency Study International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 37 12 9914 9924 2012
  24. Liao , S.Y. , Jiang , D.M. , Cheng , Q. , Huang , Z.H. et al. Effect of Methanol Addition into Gasoline on the Combustion Characteristics at Relatively Low Temperatures Energy Fuels 20 1 84 90 2006
  25. Hsieh , W.-D. , Chen , R.-H. , Wu , T.-L. , and Lin , T.-H. Engine Performance and Pollutant Emission of an SI Engine Using Ethanol-Gasoline Blended Fuels Atmospheric Environment 36 3 403 410 2002
  26. Turner , J.W.G. , Pearson , R.J. , Dekker , E. , Iosefa , B. et al. Extending the Role of Alcohols as Transport Fuels Using Iso-Stoichiometric Ternary Blends of Gasoline, Ethanol and Methanol Applied Energy 102 72 86 2013
  27. Zhao , F. , Lai , M.-C. , and Harrington , D.L. Automotive Spark-Ignited Direct-Injection Gasoline Engines Progress in Energy and Combustion Science 25 5 437 562 1999
  28. Chen , L. , Stone , R. , and Richardson , D. A Study of Mixture Preparation and PM Emissions Using a Direct Injection Engine Fueled with Stoichiometric Gasoline/Ethanol Blends Fuel 96 120 130 2012
  29. Barone , T.L. , Storey , J.M.E. , Youngquist , A.D. , and Szybist , J.P. An Analysis of Direct-Injection Spark-Ignition (DISI) Soot Morphology Atmospheric Environment 49 268 274 2012
  30. Lemaire , R. , Therssen , E. , and Desgroux , P. Effect of Ethanol Addition in Gasoline and Gasoline-Surrogate on Soot Formation in Turbulent Spray Flames Fuel 89 12 3952 3959 2010
  31. Mamakos , A. , Martini , G. , Marotta , A. , and Manfredi , U. Assessment of Different Technical Options in Reducing Particle Emissions from Gasoline Direct Injection Vehicles Journal of Aerosol Science 63 115 125 2013
  32. Clark , C.R. , Dutcher , J.S. , McClellan , R.O. , Naman , T.M. et al. Influence of Ethanol and Methanol Gasoline Blends on the Mutagenicity of Particulate Exhaust Extracts Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 12 311 317 1983
  33. Fanick , E.R. , Whitney , K.A. , and Bailey , B.K. Particulate Characterization Using Five Fuels SAE Technical Paper 961089 1996 10.4271/961089
  34. Liang , B. , Ge , Y. , Tan , J. , Han , X. et al. Comparison of PM Emissions from a Gasoline Direct Injected (GDI) Vehicle and a Port Fuel Injected (PFI) Vehicle Measured by Electrical Low-Pressure Impactor (ELPI) with Two Fuels: Gasoline and M15 Methanol Gasoline Journal of Aerosol Science 57 22 31 2013
  35. Gu , X. , Huang , Z. , Cai , J. , Gong , J. et al. Emission Characteristics of a Spark-Ignition Engine Fueled with Gasoline-n-Butanol Blends in Combination with EGR Fuel 93 611 617 2012
  36. Mamakos , A. , Steininger , N. , Martini , G. , Dilara , P. et al. Cost Effectiveness of Particulate Filter Installation on Direct Injection Gasoline Vehicles Atmospheric Environment 77 16 23 2013
  37. Catapano , F. , Sementa , P. , and Vaglieco , B.M. Optical Characterization of Bio-Ethanol Injection and Combustion in a Small DISI Engine for Two Wheels’ Cehicles Fuel 106 651 666 2013
  38. Maricq , M.M. Soot Formation in Ethanol/Gasoline Fuel Blend Diffusion Flames Combustion Flame 159 1 170 180 2012
  39. Stan , C. , Troger , R. , and Stanciu , A. Direct Injection of Variable Gasoline/Methanol Mixtures: A Future Potential of SI Engines SAE Technical Paper 2000-01-2904 2000 10.4271/2000-01-2904
  40. Fan , Z. , Xia , Z. , Shijin , S. , Jianhua , X. et al. Unregulated Emissions and Combustion Characteristics of Low-Content Methanol-Gasoline Blended Fuels Energy Fuels 24 1283 1292 2010
  41. Wei , Y. , Liu , S. , Liu , F. , Liu , J. et al. Formaldehyde and Methanol Emissions from a Methanol/Gasoline-Fueled Spark-Ignition (SI) Engine Energy Fuels 23 3313 3318 2009
  42. Williams , R.L. , Lipari , F. , and Potter , R.A. Formaldehyde, Methanol and Hydrocarbon Emissions from Methanol-Fueled Cars Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association 40 5 747 756 1990
  43. Martini , G. , Manfredi , U. , Krasenbrink , A. , Stradling , R. et al. 2013

Cited By