Simulating the Static and Dynamic Response of an Automotive Weatherstrip Component

SAE 2011 Noise and Vibration Conference and Exhibition
Authors Abstract
Understanding the resonant behavior of vehicle closures such as doors, hoods, trunks, and rear lift gates can be critical to achieve structure-borne noise, vibration, and harshness (NVH) performance requirements, particularly below 100Hz. Nearly all closure systems have elastomer weatherstrip components that create a viscoelastic boundary condition along a continuous line around its perimeter and is capable of influencing the resonant behavior of the closure system. This paper outlines an approach to simulate the static and dynamic characteristics of a closed-cell Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer (EPDM) foam rubber weatherstrip component that is first subjected to a large-strain quasi-static preload with a small-strain sinusoidal dynamic load superimposed. An outline of a theoretical approach using “phi-functions” as developed by K.N. Morman Jr., and J.C. Nagtegaal [1] is introduced followed by a discussion of the material characterization that was done to construct a suitable elastomer material model for finite element analysis (FEA). Next, to validate the approach, the FEA and correlation of a simple extension specimen is presented followed by the analysis and correlation of a weatherstrip component with a complex cross sectional shape. It is observed that the static and/or dynamic response of the weatherstrip material and component can be dependent on several factors such as excitation frequency, large-strain preload, vibration amplitude, component geometry, and friction. Correlation between simulation and experimental results for dynamic stiffness and loss factor are in general agreement below 100Hz.
Meta TagsDetails
Hartley, C., "Simulating the Static and Dynamic Response of an Automotive Weatherstrip Component," SAE Int. J. Passeng. Cars - Mech. Syst. 4(2):1111-1125, 2011,
Additional Details
May 17, 2011
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Journal Article