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Dynamics of Amphibious All-Terrain Vehicle’s Chassis Having Vibration Energy Harvesting Dampers

Mega Automation, Inc.-Dmytriy Gurevych
Nermar, Ltd.-George Nerubenko
Published 2019-06-05 by SAE International in United States
The rural off-road exploiting of amphibious all-terrain vehicles leads to the intensive vibrations of all parts of a vehicle, and specifically of its chassis. The tested amphibian vehicle’s chassis has the lowest natural frequency of 19.34 Hz. The Vibration Energy Harvesting Damper (VEHD) is used for mitigation of chassis vibrations. VEHD provides the mutually interconnected results: a reduction of undesired vibration levels and a generating of the additional electrical power. Newly patented VEHD consists of two main components: Tuned Mass Damper and Generator of Electricity. The perspective feature of proposed VEHD is the ability of effective vibration damping in a broad range of frequencies due to implementation of a control device, while that device is keeping automatically the changing natural frequency of VEHD equals to current frequency of the external force. The mathematical simulation analysis based on parameters of the amphibious all-terrain vehicle chassis is developed. The experiments arranged on recently designed amphibious all-terrain vehicle illustrate the compliance with theoretical predictions, and efficiency of proposed VEHD operating mainly in low frequency interval. An analysis of…
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A Control Strategy to Reduce Torque Oscillation of the Electric Power Steering System

Concordia University Montreal-Subhash Rakheja
South China University of Technology-Duo Fu, Wen-Jun Yan
Published 2019-06-05 by SAE International in United States
This paper proposes a new evaluation method of analyzing stability and design of a controller for an electric power steering (EPS) system. The main purpose of the EPS system’s control design is to ensure a comfortable driving experience of drivers, which mainly depends on the assist torque map. However, the high level of assist gain and its nonlinearity may cause oscillation, divergence and instability to the steering systems. Therefore, an EPS system needs to have an extra stability controller to eliminate the side effect of assist gain on system stability and attenuate the unpleasant vibration. In this paper, an accurate theoretical model is built and the method for evaluating system quality are suggested. The bench tests and vehicle experiments are carried out to verify the theoretical analysis. The evaluation method proposed in this paper can not only guide the design of controller parameters, but also evaluate the control effect while the performance of several controllers are all excellent.
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Robust NVH Engineering Using Experimental Methods - Source Characterization Techniques for Component Transfer Path Analysis and Virtual Acoustic Prototyping

Robert Bosch Automotive Steering LLC-Kevin Wienen, Michael Sturm
University of Salford-Andy Moorhouse, Joshua Meggitt
Published 2019-06-05 by SAE International in United States
A major challenge in automotive NVH engineering is to approach complex structure-borne sound and vibration problems with sufficient accuracy but reasonable experimental effort. Typical issues encountered are poor correlation between objective component performance criteria tested for during bench validation and corresponding subjective targets evaluated during system validation in the actual vehicle. Additional challenges arise from the need to impose assumptions on sophisticated physical vibration problems to reduce the complexity to a level feasible for conventional experimental test methods. This paper addresses all mentioned issues by elaborating on a system NVH engineering approach employing Virtual Acoustic Prototyping (VAP) (related to what is now often called component Transfer Path Analysis) to synthesize time domain sound and vibration responses of vibrating machinery operated in a virtual vehicle environment. One crucial step of VAP is to characterize the strength of vibrating machinery by independent quantities at the significant coupling degrees of freedom (DoF). This study puts special focus on the measurement of free velocity, suitable for machinery operated when resiliently mounted as per ISO 9611, and the in-situ measurement…
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Rotary Electrical Contact

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-34620
Published 2019-06-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Researchers have developed a fundamentally new type of rotary electrical contact that addresses the two limitations of conventional brush/slip ring technology: 1) short operating lifetime due to sliding-contact wear, and 2) electrical arcing associated with contact bounce.

 
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Protecting high-voltage circuits

Automotive Engineering: June 2019

Lindsay Brooke
  • Magazine Article
  • 19AUTP06_07
Published 2019-06-01 by SAE International in United States

Yazaki readies a new solution for arc suppression in circuits of 48V or more.

As OEMs develop their next-generation electrical architectures aimed at new hybrid, EV and autonomous vehicles, engineers are focused on delivering systems that are even more robust and “fail-safe” than those used today. Handling more power safely is a given, experts say, as more power-gobbling heated seats, electric turbos, active suspensions, lidars, on-board data processors and other safety sensors are added.

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Algorithm Predicts How Electromagnetic Waves Interact with Materials at the Smallest Scales

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-34614
Published 2019-06-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Magnetic materials can attract or repel each other based on their polar orientation — positive and negative ends attract each other, while two positives or two negatives repel. When an electromagnetic signal like a radio wave passes through such materials, a magnetic material acts like a gatekeeper, letting in the signals that are desired but keeping out others. They can also amplify the signal or dampen the speed and strength of the signals.

 
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Wood-Based Technology Creates Electricity from Heat

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-34608
Published 2019-06-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Researchers have transformed a piece of wood into a flexible membrane that generates energy from the same type of electric current (ions) on which the human body runs. This energy is generated using charged channel walls and other unique properties of the wood’s natural nanostructures. With this new wood-based technology, a small temperature differential can be used to efficiently generate ionic voltage.

 
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Generating Electrical Power from Waste Heat

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-34611
Published 2019-06-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Directly converting electrical power to heat is easy; however, converting heat into electrical power is not as easy. To address this issue, a tiny silicon-based device was developed that can harness what was previously called waste heat and turn it into DC power. The device could be used as a compact infrared power supply that could replace radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGs) that are used for such tasks as powering sensors for space missions that don’t get enough direct sunlight to power solar panels. The device is made of common and abundant materials such as aluminum, silicon, and silicon dioxide — or glass — combined in uncommon ways.

 
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Using a System Reliability Model to Optimize Maintenance Costs A Best Practices Guide

HM-1 Integrated Vehicle Health Management Committee
  • Aerospace Standard
  • JA6097_201905
  • Current
Published 2019-05-07 by SAE International in United States
SAE JA6097 (“Using a System Reliability Model to Optimize Maintenance”) shows how to determine which maintenance to perform on a system when that system requires corrective maintenance to achieve the lowest long-term operating cost. While this document may focus on applications to Jet Engines and Aircraft, this methodology could be applied to nearly any type of system. However, it would be most effective for systems that are tightly integrated, where a failure in any part of the system causes the entire system to go off-line, and the process of accessing a failed component can require additional maintenance on other unrelated components.
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Oxygen Cylinder Installation Guide

A-10 Aircraft Oxygen Equipment Committee
  • Aerospace Standard
  • ARP5021B
  • Current
Published 2019-04-11 by SAE International in United States
This document provides guidance for oxygen cylinder installation on commerical aircraft based on airworthiness requirements, and methods practiced within aerospace industry. It covers considerations for oxygen systems from beginning of project phase up to production, maintenance, and servicing. The document is related to requirements of DOT-approved oxygen cylinders, as well to those designed and manufactured to standards of ISO 11119. However, its basic rules may also be applicable to new development pertaining to use of such equipment in an oxygen environment. For information regarding oxygen cylinders itself, also refer to AIR825/12.
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