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Islam, Md Manjurul
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A Comparative Study of Active Control Strategies for Improving Lateral Stability of Car-Trailer Systems

University of Ontario Institute of Technology-Rafay Shamim, Md Manjurul Islam, Yuping He
Published 2011-04-12 by SAE International in United States
This paper examines the performance of different active control strategies for improving lateral stability of car-trailer systems using numerical simulations. For car-trailer systems, three typical unstable motion modes, including trailer swing, jack-knifing and roll-over, have been identified. These unstable motion modes represent potentially hazardous situations. The effects of passive mechanical vehicle parameters on the stability of car-trailer systems have been well addressed. For a given car-trailer system, some of these passive parameters, e.g., the center of gravity of the trailer, are greatly varied under different operating conditions. Thus, lateral stability cannot be guaranteed by selecting a specific passive parameter set. To address this problem, various active control techniques have been proposed to improve handling and stability of car-trailer systems. Feasible control methods involve active trailer steering control (ATSC) and active trailer braking (ATB). Recently, a variable geometry approach (VGA) has been investigated. The essence of this method is to actively control the lateral displacement of the car-trailer hitch in order to improve high-speed stability of the vehicle system. To derive the three controllers, their respective…
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An Integrated Design Method for Articulated Heavy Vehicles with Active Trailer Steering Systems

SAE International Journal of Passenger Cars - Mechanical Systems

Genist Systems Company-Timothy D. Webster
Univ. of Ontario Institute of Technology-Yuping He, Md Manjurul Islam
  • Journal Article
  • 2010-01-0092
Published 2010-04-12 by SAE International in United States
This paper presents an integrated design method for active trailer steering (ATS) systems of articulated heavy vehicles (AHVs). Of all contradictory design goals of AHVs, two of them, i.e. path-following at low speeds and lateral stability at high speeds, may be the most fundamental and important, which have been bothering vehicle designers and researchers. To tackle this problem, a new design synthesis approach is proposed: with design optimization techniques, the active design variables of ATS systems and passive design variables of trailers can be optimized simultaneously; the ATS controller derived from this approach has two operational modes, one for improving lateral stability at high speeds and the other for enhancing path-following at low speeds. To demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach, it is applied to the design of an ATS system for an AHV with a tractor and a full trailer. Simulation results illustrate that compared with the baseline vehicle, the one derived from the design synthesis approach decreases low-speed off-tracking by 35.2% and reduces high-speed rearward amplification ratio by 30.0%. The proposed approach…
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