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Equivalent Material Properties of Multi-Layer, Lightweight, High-Performance Damping Material and Its Performance in Applications

3M Company-Taewook Yoo, Ronald Gerdes, Seungkyu Lee, Thomas Herdtle
3M Deutschland GmbH-Georg Eichhorn
Published 2019-06-05 by SAE International in United States
In this study, we investigated two aspects of a multi-layer, lightweight damping treatment. The first aspect studied was an equivalent material property estimate for a simplified finite element (FE) model. The simplified model is needed for computational efficiency, i.e. so that Tier 1 and OEM users can represent this complex, multi-layer treatment as a single, isotropic solid layer plus an aluminum constraining layer. Therefore, the use of this simplified FE model allows the multilayer treatment to be included in large body-in-white structural models. An equivalent material property was identified by first representing three unique layers (two adhesive layers plus a connecting standoff layer) by a single row of isotropic solid elements, then an optimization tool was used to determine the “best fit” for two properties including Young’s modulus and material loss factor. Equivalent properties were validated for various substrate thickness and coverage areas heights by comparison to center-driven long bar test results.Secondly, the effect of damping treatment size was studied using the previously identified equivalent material properties. This was a damper placement study to determine…
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Acoustically Absorbing Lightweight Thermoplastic Honeycomb Panels

SAE International Journal of Vehicle Dynamics, Stability, and NVH

3M Company-James M. Jonza, Thomas Herdtle, Jeffrey Kalish, Ronald Gerdes, Taewook Yoo
3M Deutschland GmbH-Georg Eichhorn
  • Journal Article
  • 2017-01-1813
Published 2017-06-05 by SAE International in United States
The aerospace industry has employed sandwich composite panels (stiff skins and lightweight cores) for over fifty years. It is a very efficient structure for rigidity per unit weight. For the automobile industry, we have developed novel thermoplastic composite panels that may be heated and shaped by compression molding or thermoforming with cycle times commensurate with automotive manufacturing line build rates. These panels are also readily recycled at the end of their service life. As vehicles become lighter to meet carbon dioxide emission targets, it becomes more challenging to maintain the same level of quietness in the vehicle interior.Panels with interconnected honeycomb cells and perforations in one skin have been developed to absorb specific noise frequencies. The absorption results from a combination and interaction of Helmholtz and quarter wave resonators. Computer modeling was used to design panels that absorb one of the problematic frequency ranges (800-1,250 Hz), caused by tires on the roadway. This was achieved in thin (7-8 mm) panels of low density (0.25-0.35 g/cc). Experimental results of acoustic absorption and transmission loss of polypropylene…
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Acoustic Performance Prediction of Micro-Perforated Panels Using Computational Fluid Dynamics and Finite Element Analysis

3M Company-Ronald Gerdes, Jonathon Alexander, Thomas Herdtle
Published 2013-05-13 by SAE International in United States
In recent years, interest in microperforated panels (MPPs) has been growing in the automotive industry and elsewhere. Acoustic performance prediction is an important step toward understanding and designing MPPs. This paper outlines a start-to-finish procedure to predict the transfer impedance of a particular MPP based on its hole geometry and to further use this information in a simple plane wave application. A computational fluid dynamics (CFD) approach was used to calculate the impedance of the MPP and the results compared to impedance tube and flow resistance measurements. The transfer impedance results were then used to create a computationally efficient acoustic finite element (FE) model. The results of the acoustic FE model were also compared to impedance tube measurements.
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Application of Micro-Perforated Composite Acoustic Material to a Vehicle Dash Mat

3M Corp-Jonathon H. Alexander, Ronald Gerdes
General Motors-Alan V. Parrett, Chong Wang, Xiandi Zeng, David Nielubowicz, Mark Snowden
Published 2011-05-17 by SAE International in United States
In recent years several variants of lightweight multi-layered acoustic treatments have been used successfully in vehicles to replace conventional barrier-decoupler interior dash mats. The principle involved is to utilize increased acoustic absorption to offset the decrease in insertion loss from the reduced mass such that equivalent vehicle level performance can be achieved. Typical dual density fibrous constructions consist of a relatively dense cap layer on top of a lofted layer. The density and flow resistivity of these layers are tuned to optimize a balance of insertion loss and absorption performance. Generally these have been found to be very effective with the exception of dash mats with very high insertion loss requirements. This paper describes an alternative treatment which consists of a micro-perforated film top layer and fibrous decoupler layer. Prototype dash mats were constructed after performing Statistical Energy Analysis (SEA) vehicle level assessments of constructions using flat stock insertion loss and absorption data. Vehicle level test results are presented showing that the micro-perforated systems are capable of competing with dual density lightweight systems, and also…
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Random Incidence Absorption and Transmission Loss Testing and Modeling of Microperforated Composites

3M Co-Jonathan Alexander, Ronald Gerdes
Janesville Acoustics-David Reed
Published 2011-05-17 by SAE International in United States
Flat, constant thickness composites that consisted of a microperforated top layer plus a fibrous decoupler layer were tested for random absorption and transmission loss (TL) performance. The top, microperforated layer consisted of a relatively thick film that contained small, precise micro-perforations. For reference, top layers that consisted of a resistive scrim and an impervious film were also included in this study. Two fibrous materials of constant thickness were used for the decoupler layer between a steel panel and the top microperforated film. The composites' absorption and TL performance were also modeled using the well-known transfer matrix method. This method has been implemented in a commercially available statistical energy analysis (SEA) software package. A comparison of testing and modeling results showed reasonable agreement for absorption results and even better agreement for transmission loss and insertion loss results.
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