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Design Recommendations for Spare Seals in Landing Gear Shock Struts
- Aerospace Standard
Published June 09, 2017 by SAE International in United States
Downloadable datasets availableAnnotation ability available
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides recommendations on cavity design, the installation of elastomer type spare seals in these cavities, and information surrounding elastomer material properties after contact with typical shock absorber hydraulic fluid(s) or grease. This ARP is primarily concerned with the use of spare seals on shock absorbers where only a single dynamic seal is fitted and in contact with the slider/shock absorber piston at any one time.
These shock absorbers typically have a spare (dynamic) seal gland located on the outer diameter of the lower seal carrier. This spare seal gland is intended to house a spare elastomer contact seal. Split Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) backup rings can also be installed in the spare seal cavity.
During operation, if the fitted dynamic shock absorber standard seal begins to fail/leak, then the aircraft can be jacked up, allowing the lower gland nut of the shock absorber to be dropped down. The current used dynamic seal can be cut free, and the spare elastomer seal can be stretched over the seal carrier ring into the dynamic seal position. The shock absorber can be re-assembled and then the landing gear is ready to continue operation with a new seal in position after this relatively simple procedure.
This document provides information surrounding the recommended hardware geometry for spare seals in landing gear shock struts, as well as the effects of stretch, fluid interaction, and grease interaction on elastomer seal properties. In addition, this ARP document now covers property characteristics of AMS-P-25732 and AMS-P-831461 elastomer materials after immersion in the three primary red oils (hydraulic fluids) used in industry, MIL-PRF-5606, MIL-PRF-87257, and MIL PRF-83282. Changes in volume, tensile strength, and elongation are discussed after immersion in the aforementioned fluids, both in whole and in mixed percentages of fluid. These characteristics should be taken into account when incorporating and implementing fluid and/or fluid changes with specific elastomer materials in shock struts containing spare seals.
ARP4912C has been reaffirmed to comply with the SAE Five-Year Review policy.
|Aerospace Standard||Gland Design: Nominal 3/8 Inch Cross Section for Compression-Type Seals|
|Aerospace Standard||Use of HVOF Thermal Spray Coatings for Hard Chrome Replacement in Landing Gear Applications|
Data Sets - Support Documents
|Unnamed Dataset 1|
|Unnamed Dataset 2|
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|Table 2||Volume swell after 100% concentration X 100% concentration|
|Table 3||Volume swell after 100% concentration X 50/50% concentration|
|Table 4||Elongation after 100% concentration X 100% concentration|
|Table 5||Elongation after 100% concentration X 50/50% concentration|
|Table 6||Tensile strength after 100% concentration X 100% concentration|
|Table 7||Tensile strength after 100% concentration X 50/50% concentration|
|Table 8||Volume swell after 100% concentration X 100% concentration|
|Table 9||Volume swell after 100% concentration X 50/50% concentration|
|Table 10||Elongation after 100% concentration X 100% concentration|
|Table 11||Elongation after 100% concentration X 50/50% concentration|
|Table 12||Tensile strength after 100% concentration X 100% concentration|
|Table 13||Tensile strength after 100% concentration X 50/50% concentration|
|AMS-P-83461||This document is not part of the subscrption.|
|AMSP83461||Packing, Preformed, Petroleum Hydraulic Fluid Resistant, Improved Performance at 275°F (135°C)|
|MIL-P-25732||This document is not part of the subscrption.|
|MIL-PRF-5606||This document is not part of the subscrption.|
|MIL-PRF-83282||This document is not part of the subscrption.|
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