Taxonomy and Classification of Powered Micromobility Vehicles
- Ground Vehicle Standard
This technical report provides a taxonomy and classification of powered micromobility vehicles. These vehicles may be privately owned or be available via shared- or rental-fleet operations. This technical report does not provide specifications or otherwise impose minimum safety design requirements for powered micromobility vehicles.
NOTE 1: There may be powered micromobility vehicles designed for different purposes: (1) human transport; (2) vocational applications; and (3) goods delivery. This technical report only covers vehicles that are primarily designed for (1). Other categories may be covered in future SAE technical reports.
NOTE 2: This technical report is aimed only to define and describe powered micromobility vehicle types and classifications. It does not prescribe safe or appropriate classifications of vehicles nor does it suggest where in the transportation system the vehicle should operate.
NOTE 3: For taxonomy specifically related to shared- or rental-fleet operations of micromobility vehicles, please refer to SAE J3163.
Data Sets - Support Documents
Emerging and innovative personal mobility devices, sometimes referred to as micromobility, are proliferating in cities around the world. These technologies have the potential to expand mobility options for a variety of people. Some of these technologies fall outside traditional definitions, standards, and regulations. This committee will initially focus on low-speed micromobility devices and the technology and systems that support them that are not normally subject to the United States Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards or similar regulations. These may be device-propelled or have propulsion assistance. They are low-speed devices that have a maximum device-propelled speed of 30 mph. They are personal transportation vehicles designed to transport three or fewer people. They are consumer products but may be owned by shared- or rental-fleet operators. This committee is concerned with the eventual utilization and operational characteristics of these devices, and how they may be safely incorporated in the transportation infrastructure. This committee will develop and maintain SAE Standards, Recommended Practices, and Information Reports within this classification of mobility. The first task of the committee will be to develop a taxonomy of low-speed micromobility devices and technologies. Currently, many of these terms are not consistently named, defined, or used in literature and practice. This task will also help refine the scope of the committee and highlight future work.