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Feasibility of Using Wood Flash-Pyrolysis Oil in Diesel Engines
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published October 19, 1998 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
The paper describes an experimental study concerning the feasibility of using bio-oil obtained from flash pyrolysis of wood for fuelling diesel power plants.
The research is based on various tests aimed at verifying relevant operative characteristics of the fuel: spray analyses, engine tests, thermogravimetric analyses (TGA), single-drop reactor tests and corrosion tests.
- The spray analyses show that the achievement of a satisfactory atomisation with flash-pyrolysis oil is problematic.
- The engine experimentation shows that flash-pyrolysis oil needs to be modified or mixed (e.g. with alcohol) to make self ignition possible. Besides, unacceptable build-up of carbonaceous deposits, injection system clamping and engine seizure occur.
- Very large char generation is the main finding of the tests in the TGA apparatus and in the single-drop atmospheric reactor (“drop-tube”).
- The corrosion tests demonstrate that steel undergoes fast erosion by contact of flash-pyrolysis oil.
All these findings show that characteristics of current-production flash-pyrolysis oil are not suited for its utilisation in diesel engines.
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CitationFrigo, S., Gentili, R., Tognotti, L., Zanforlin, S. et al., "Feasibility of Using Wood Flash-Pyrolysis Oil in Diesel Engines," SAE Technical Paper 982529, 1998, https://doi.org/10.4271/982529.
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