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Emissions from Trucks using Fischer-Tropsch Diesel Fuel
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published October 19, 1998 by SAE International in United States
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The Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) catalytic conversion process can be used to synthesize diesel fuels from a variety of feedstocks, including coal, natural gas and biomass. Synthetic diesel fuels can have very low sulfur and aromatic content, and excellent autoignition characteristics. Moreover, Fischer-Tropsch diesel fuels may also be economically competitive with California diesel fuel if produced in large volumes.
An overview of Fischer-Tropsch diesel fuel production and engine emissions testing is presented. Previous engine laboratory tests indicate that F-T diesel is a promising alternative fuel because it can be used in unmodified diesel engines, and substantial exhaust emissions reductions can be realized.
The authors have performed preliminary tests to assess the real-world performance of F-T diesel fuels in heavy-duty trucks. Seven White-GMC Class 8 trucks equipped with Caterpillar 10.3 liter engines were tested using F-T diesel fuel. Vehicle emissions tests were performed using West Virginia University's unique transportable chassis dynamometer.
The trucks were found to perform adequately on neat F-T diesel fuel. Compared to a California diesel fuel baseline, neat F-T diesel fuel emitted about 12% lower oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and 24% lower particulate matter over a five-mile driving cycle.
|Technical Paper||Emissions from Buses with DDC 6V92 Engines Using Synthetic Diesel Fuel|
|Technical Paper||Diesel Exhaust Emissions Using Sasol Slurry Phase Distillate Process Fuels|
|Technical Paper||On-Road Use of Fischer-Tropsch Diesel Blends|
- Paul Norton - National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)
- Keith Vertin - National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)
- Brent Bailey - National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)
- Nigel N. Clark - West Virginia University (WVU)
- Donald W. Lyons - West Virginia University (WVU)
- Stephen Goguen - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)
- James Eberhardt - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)
CitationNorton, P., Vertin, K., Bailey, B., Clark, N. et al., "Emissions from Trucks using Fischer-Tropsch Diesel Fuel," SAE Technical Paper 982526, 1998, https://doi.org/10.4271/982526.
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