This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Introduction of Biomass as Renewable Energy Component of Future Transportation Fuels
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published October 19, 1998 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
Biomass is a potential source of renewable fuel energy, but faces several practical barriers. The cost of producing hydrogen by gasification of biomass, using natural gas as cofeedstock, is compared with gasoline as fuel for fuel cell vehicles. Methanol is considered as an essential initial step toward a hydrogen infrastructure because its cost would be competitive with petroleum fuels, its production technology is similar to that of hydrogen, and it is compatible with existing refueling infrastructure with minimum modification. The economic components of these fuel options are examined from the perspective of national interests and goals to assess their efficacy for reduction of long-term environmental impacts, dependence on imports, urban air pollution, and greenhouse gas emissions.
CitationBorgwardt, R., "Introduction of Biomass as Renewable Energy Component of Future Transportation Fuels," SAE Technical Paper 982497, 1998, https://doi.org/10.4271/982497.
- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air Quality National Air Pollution Estimates, 1900-1992, EPA-450/4-93-001 Research Triangle Park, NC 1993
- National Research Council Toward a Sustainable Future: Addressing the Long-Term Effects of Motor Vehicle Transportation on Climate and Ecology Transportation Research Board Special Report 251 National Academy Press Washington, DC 1997
- “Reducing Risk: Setting Priorities and Strategies for Environmental Protection,” U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Science Advisory Board Washington, DC 1990
- “Review of the Research Program of the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles,” National Research Council 0-309-06087-7 National Academy Press Washington, DC 1998
- Williams, R.H. Larson, E.D. Katofsky, R.E. Chen, J. “Methanol and Hydrogen from Biomass for Transportation,” Biomass Resources: A Means to Sustainable Development Bangalore, India 1994
- Borgwardt, R.H. “Hynol Process Evaluation,” December 1997
- Borgwardt, R.H. “Methanol Production from Biomass and Natural Gas as Transportation Fuel,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res.
- Bentley, J.M. Mitchell, W.L. Thijssen J. “Reformer and Hydrogen Storage Development for Fuel Cell Vehicles,” Arthur D. Little, Inc. Annual DOE/OTT Automotive Technology Development Contractor's Coordination Meeting October 1995
- “Further Assessment of the Environmental Characteristics of Fuel Cells and Competing Technologies,” Department of Trade and Industry, Energy Technology Support Unit Oxfordshire, UK 1998 16
- “MTBE From Biomass Methanol-A Viable Option?” U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Transportation Technology October 1995
- Katofsky, R.E. “The Production of Fluid Fuels from Biomass,” Center for Energy and Environmental Studies Princeton University Princeton, NJ 1993
- Aspen Plus, Version 9.1 Aspen Technology, Inc. Cambridge, MA 1995
- DeLuchi, M.A. “Emissions of Greenhouse Gases from the Use of Transportation Fuels and Electricity,” Center for Transportation Research, Argonne National Laboratory Argonne, IL 1993
- “Survey of Current Business,” Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce Washington, DC 1998
- “Transportation Energy Databook, Edition 17,” U.S. Department of Energy, Center for Transportation Analysis, Oak Ridge National Laboratory August 1997
- Hall, J.V. Winer, A.M. Kleinman, M.T. Lurmann, F.W. Brajer, V. Colome, S.D. “Valuing the Health Benefits of Clean Air,” Science 255 812 816 1992
- DeLuchi, M.A. “The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the U.S., 1990-1991: Summary of Theory Data, Methods, and Results,” Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California, Davis Davis, CA 1997
- “Indicators of the Environmental Impacts of Transportation: Highway, Rail, Aviation, and Maritime Transportation,” October 1996
- Adams, D. “Greenhouse Gas Controls; The Future of Tradeable Permits,” 1 85334 825 2 Maple House London 1997
- Interlaboratory Working Group “Scenarios of U.S. Carbon Reductions: Potental Impacts of Energy-Efficient and Low-Carbon Technologies by 2010 and Beyond (BNL-40533 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Oak Ridge, TN 1997