This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Nonfatal Air Bag Deployments Involving Child Passengers
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published November 12, 1997 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
This study describes nonfatal interactions between children and front passenger air bags. Twelve surviving children aged 12 and younger who experienced passenger air bag deployments were identified from hospital emergency department records and police accident reports. Data from crash reconstructions and medical records were analyzed to determine mechanisms responsible for each injury sustained. Four of six children in safety seats and one of six children restrained in lap/shoulder belts sustained significant brain injuries. It is recommended that infant seats and forward facing safety seats be placed in the rear seats of vehicles equipped with passenger air bags.
CitationGotschall, C., Eichelberger, M., Morrissey, J., Better, A. et al., "Nonfatal Air Bag Deployments Involving Child Passengers," SAE Technical Paper 973297, 1997, https://doi.org/10.4271/973297.
- Ellingstad V “Air bag safety update” Child Passenger Safety Technical Update Advocacy Seminar June 6 1997
- National Transportation Safety Board The Performance and Use of Child Restraint Systems, Seatbelts, and Air Bags for Children in Passenger Vehicles Volume 1: Analysis. and Air Bags for Children in Passenger Vehicles. Volume 2: Case Summaries Washington, DC September 1996
- Centers for Disease Prevention and Control Update: Fatal air bag-related injuries to children -- United States 1993-1996 JAMA 1997 277 11 12
- Winston F Reed R Airbags and Children: Results of a National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Special Investigation into Actual Crashes Proc 40th Stapp Car Crash Conference Society of Automotive Engineers Warrendale, PA 1996
- Hollands CM Winston FK Stafford PW Lau HT Lethal airbag injury in an infant Pediatr Emerg Care 1996 12 201 202
- O'Donnell J Deadly Air Bags USA Today July 8 1995 1A
- Brown W Ottaway DB Small Victims of a flawed safety device The Washington Post June 2 1997 A-1
- Crandall JR Kuhlmann TP Martin PG Pilkey WD Neeman T Differing patterns of head and facial injury with air bag and/or belt restrained drivers in frontal collisions: Advances in Occupant Restraint Technologies Proceedings of Joint AAAM/IRCOBI Special Session Lyon, France September 22 1994
- Burgess AR Dissenger PC O'Quinn TD Schmidhauser CB Lower extremity injuries in drivers of airbag-equipped automobiles: Clinical and crash reconstruction correlations J Trauma 1996 38 509 516
- Dalmotas DJ Hurley AG Supplemental restraint systems: Friend or foe to belted occupants? 40th Annual Proceedings Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine 1996
- National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Child Passenger Safety Tips 2 September 1995
- Braver ER Whitfield RA Ferguson risk of death among child passengers in front and rear seating positions Second Child Occupant Symposium
- Stewart D Air bag update Safe Ride News Spring 1997 XVI 2 6
- Schroeder T Kessler E Results of a four-week pilot study conducted for the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration to test the feasibility of collecting motor vehicle air bag injuries through the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System Division of Hazard and Injury Data Systems, U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission June 1997