This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Air Bags and Children: Results of a National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Special Investigation into Actual Crashes
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published November 01, 1996 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
Air bags have been and continue to be an effective, life-saving technology. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has estimated that air bags have saved almost 1,500 lives, with an estimated 569 lives saved in 1995 alone. However, the increasing availability of air bags in passenger vehicles and light trucks has seen a concomitant rise in the report of injuries related to air bag deployment. While the vast majority of these injuries has been minor, the exposure of children to passenger-side air bag deployments has resulted in reports of more serious injuries. The objective of this study was to examine the interaction of air bags and children in actual crash scenarios. Investigations were conducted as part of the NHTSA's Special Crash investigation Program. This paper will present a case series of more than twenty serious or fatal injuries in children attributed to air bag deployment. Cases of children whose lives were saved by air bags, the “success stories,” were not included in the series because these cases were not reported to the NHTSA. Analysis of the investigations included determination of vehicle dynamics, occupant kinematics and injury patterns in order to define injury mechanisms.
CitationWinston, F. and Reed, R., "Air Bags and Children: Results of a National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Special Investigation into Actual Crashes," SAE Technical Paper 962438, 1996, https://doi.org/10.4271/962438.
- Werner J. Sorenson W. “SAE Technical Paper 940802 : Survey of Airbag Involved Accidents: An Analysis of Collision Characteristics, System Effectiveness and Injuries” 1994 SAE International Congress February 1995
- Kahane, C. 1994 “Fatality Reduction by Automatic Occupant Protection in the United States,” 1994 ESV
- National Center for Statistics and Analysis “Second Report to Congress: Effectiveness of Occupant Protection Systems and Their Use Feb 1996
- Martinez R. 1996 Statement Before the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation Regarding the Effectiveness of Air Bags March 7 1996
- Reed R. 1994 “Air Bag Crash Investigations” Road Traffic Safety Institute's 1994 Crash Reconstruction Conference December 1994
- Dalmotas D.J. German A. Hendricks B.E. Hurley R.M. “Airbag Deployments: The Canadian Experience” The Journal of Trauma 38 4
- Huelke D.F. “SAE Technical Paper 950866 : An Overview of Air Bag Deployments and Related Injuries. Case Studies and a Review of the Literature” 1995 SAE International Congress March 1995
- Gault J.A. Vichnin M.C. Jaeger E.A. Jeffers J.B. “Ocular Injuries Associated with Eyeglass Wear and Airbag Inflation” The Journal of Trauma 38 4
- Huelke D.F. Moore J.L. Compton T. Samuels J. Levine R. “Upper Extremity Injuries Related to Airbag Deployments” The Journal of Trauma 38 4
- Brown D.K. Roe E.J. Henry T. “A Fatality Associated with the Deployment of an Automobile Airbag” The Journal of Trauma 39 6
- Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine 1990 Abbreviated Injury Scale 1990 Revision
- National Center for Statistics and Analysis “Injuries Associated with Air Bag Deployments” November 1992