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Initial Study of Railplugs as an Aid for Cold Starting of Diesels
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published February 01, 1994 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
The results of continuing investigations of a new type of ignitor, the railplug, are reported. Previous studies have shown that railplugs can produce a high velocity jet of plasma. Additionally, railplugs have the potential of assuring ignition under adverse conditions, such as cold start of an IDI diesel engine, because the railplug plasma can force ignition in the combustion chamber rather than relying on autoignition under cold start conditions. In this paper, engine data are presented to demonstrate the improved cold starting capability obtainable with railplugs. Data acquired using a railplug are compared to results obtained using no assist and using glow plugs. The engine used for this investigation will not start without glow plugs (or some starting aid) at temperatures below O°C, and the manufacturer's specification of the cold start limit for this engine using glow plugs is -24°C. Railplugs are able to initiate combustion at -29°C in one to two seconds with no preheating. The experimental facility did not allow exploration of starting at colder temperatures. The results show that railplugs can extend the cold start temperature for IDI diesels to colder temperatures. It is believed that these results also indicate the potential of railplugs as a cold start aid for DI diesels.
|Technical Paper||Diesel Engine Cold Starting: White Smoke|
|Technical Paper||An Investigation on Transient Rotational Speed of Internal Combustion Engines|
- K. Shen - The University of Texas at Austin
- Ronald D. Matthews - The University of Texas at Austin
- J. P. Chiu - The University of Texas at Austin
- M. H. Darden - The University of Texas at Austin
- R. W. Faidley - The University of Texas at Austin
- S. P. Nichols - The University of Texas at Austin
- W. F. Weldon - The University of Texas at Austin
CitationShen, K., Matthews, R., Chiu, J., Darden, M. et al., "Initial Study of Railplugs as an Aid for Cold Starting of Diesels," SAE Technical Paper 940108, 1994, https://doi.org/10.4271/940108.
- Hall, M.J. Tajima H. Matthews R.D. Koeroghlian M.M Weldon W.F. Nichols S.P. 1991 “Initial studies of a new type of ignitor: the railplug” SAE Technical Paper 912319 Journal of Engines 100 1730 1746 1992
- Hall, M.J. Ellzey J.L. Tajima H. Zhao X.W. 1993 “Plasma plume generation by a railplug ignitor and simulation by multidimensional modeling” Experiments in Fluids 14 416 422
- Faidley, R.W. Darden M.H. Weldon W.F. 1992 “The railplug: a new ignitor for internal combustion engines” Proceedings of the 6th Symposium on Electromagnetic Launch Technology, Institute for Advanced Technologies University of Texas Austin
- Matthews, R.D. Hall M.J. Faidley R.W. Chiu J.P. Zhao X.W. Annezer I. Koenig M.H. Harber J.F. Darden M.H. Weldon W.F. Nichols S.P. 1992 “Further analysis of railplugs as a new type of ignitor” SAE Paper 922167
- Zheng, J. Capiaux S. Chiu J.P. Matthews R.D. Faidley R.W. Darden M.H. Weldon W.F. Nichols S.P. 1993 “Effects of railplugs on the dilution tolerance of a spark ignition engine” SAE Paper 931800