This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Development of an IDI Diesel Engine Test Facility for Use with Non-Conventional Atmospheres
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published August 03, 1992 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
It has been known for nearly a century that by recycling the exhaust gas and adding renewal oxygen for combustion, it is possible to operate a standard diesel engine in air restricted conditions. However in order to operate under these conditions, such as found in underwater vessels, exhaust gas management systems are required to process the combustion products. The characteristics of recycled working fluids and the effective disposal of the exhaust gases leads to conflicting system operational requirements. In order to operate the whole system as a compact and efficient power unit, a compromise needs to be found between the performance of the engine with the recycled exhaust and the physical size and efficiency of the exhaust processing system.
Previous research using non-conventional or contaminated atmospheres for underwater vehicles power systems, pollution control and mine engineering has mainly used three methods of supplying the intake atmosphere. The first uses a normal air intake with the contaminate gas being added at or near the manifold. The second method incorporates the complete recycling process with an oxygen and moderating fluid topping up system. The last system uses a gasometer, filled with the artificial atmosphere, to supply the engine. In an attempt to ameliorate the problems of these techniques and provide realistic and accurate data, the University of Calgary has developed an experimental test facility specifically for non-conventional diesel engine operation. The facility enables engine performance data to be acquired whatever the composition and state of the intake working fluid. In the future this data can then be used to design a practical exhaust gas management system.
This paper describes the experimental test facility, built around an IDI diesel engine, which allows precise control, monitoring and mixing of the non-air working fluids entering the engine.
CitationPotter, I., Reader, G., Zheng, M., and Gustafson, R., "Development of an IDI Diesel Engine Test Facility for Use with Non-Conventional Atmospheres," SAE Technical Paper 929059, 1992, https://doi.org/10.4271/929059.
- Reader G T Potter I J Hawley J G “Underwater Heat Engines - State of the Art” Emerging Energy Technology Symposium ASME 1992 Energy-source Technology Conference Houston, Tx January 1992
- Reader G T Potter I J Hawley J G “Heat Driven Power Systems for Autonomous Underwater Vehicles” 3rd Conference on Military Robotic Applications Medicine Hat, Alberta, Canada September 1991
- Jaubert G F 1901
- Potter I J “Underwater Power Systems” The University of Calgary April 1992
- Rossler E “The U-Boat: The evolution and technical history of German Submarines” Arms and Armour Press London 1989
- Potter I J “Synthetic Atmosphere Diesels: Possibilities and Problems” Department of Mechanical Engineering Report The University of Calgary April 1991
- “Re-Cycle Diesel Development” Vickers Shipbuilding and Engineering Ltd. 1981
- Potter I J Schipholt M G Lutje Zheng M Hawley J G Reader G T Gustafson R “The Evaluation of the Performance of a Diesel Engine when Operating on Non-Air Mixtures” 26th InterSociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference Boston, Mass., USA August 1991
- Karim G A Klat S R “The measurement of the mass flow rate of different gases using a choked nozzle” Journal of Laboratory Practice 1966
- Fowler A “Closed cycle diesel propulsion systems” Transaction of The Institute of Marine Engineers 102 129 135 1990
- Schipholt M G Lutje “A Parametric Evaluation of the Performance of a Diesel Engine when running under Simulated Closed Cycle Diesel Conditions” Royal Naval Engineering College Manadon, UK 1991
- Oetting H K “Applied Research into Combustion in Small Diesel Engines” Internal Combustion Engineering: Science and Technology Weaving J H Elsevier 36 37 1990