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The Aging Behavior of Oil Resistant Elastomers in Hypoid Gear Lubricants Containing Conventional and Thermally Stable Additives
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published February 01, 1991 by SAE International in United States
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Gearbox oil leakage is one of the largest warranty items for commercial vehicle manufacturers. The ASTM Oil Seal Task Force has identified two common seal failure mechanisms:
Seal lip hardening caused by a chemical interaction between the elastomer and lubricant
Seal lip deposits caused by high temperature lubricant/additive breakdown
Significant improvement in seal performance can be expected by reducing the formation of these deposits through the use of thermally stable gear additives.
This paper focuses on the aspect of seal lip hardening and loss of elasticity caused by interactions of the elastomer with the lubricant additives. Elastomers include: polyacrylate, ethylene/acrylic, fluoroelastomer, nitrile rubber and hydrogenated nitrile rubber. Statistical screening techniques were used to isolate the effect of aging time, temperature, and lubricant type on each elastomer.
Laboratory data suggest that the fully saturated, peroxide cured hydrogenated nitrile rubber exhibits the best elasticity retention characteristics for a seal in contact with both thermally and non-thermally stable hypoid gear lubricants.
CitationFaith, M., Fahmy, M., and Scinto, P., "The Aging Behavior of Oil Resistant Elastomers in Hypoid Gear Lubricants Containing Conventional and Thermally Stable Additives," SAE Technical Paper 910107, 1991, https://doi.org/10.4271/910107.
- Abu-Isa, I. A. Trexler, H. E. “Mechanism of Degradation of Fluorocarbon Elastomers in Engine Oil,” meeting of the Rubber Division, American Chemical Society Denver, Colorado October 23 - 26 1984