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The America 500 Space initiative
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published August 1, 1987 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
The US Space Program can expand to recapture its position of world leadership by the 500th Anniversary of the Discovery of America in October 1992, when there is:
Consensus on goals, leading to long term planning of a systematically expanding permanent infra-structure.
Focus on human factors for long duration, and broad participation to provide the needed popular, political and financial support and yield increased benefits.
Cost-efficiency through better and more intensive utilization of available and near future technology.
Re-evaluating basic requirements will lead to again utilizing well-proven concepts such as unmanned HLLV and upper stages in Space station design (commercially retro-fitting redesigned or pre-modified ET's). This will make possible the large pressurized volumes and earth-normal conditions (including artificial gravity) necessary for long duration human habitation, and free the Space station from the planning and size restrictions of the Shuttle cargo bay. The proposed large SpacePort and rotating Space Complex in LEO - springboard to Geosync, Moon and Mars - will be the first tangible results.
CitationOstindien, T. and Tice, S., "The America 500 Space initiative," SAE Technical Paper 871410, 1987, https://doi.org/10.4271/871410.
- Times Magazine, January 31st, 1986
- “Lunar Eclipse”: Nixon, Publ.Op., and Post-Apollo planning, thesis by Kyger T.B., Sept. 1985, Univ. of S. Franc., Chapter 6: Publ.Op. Polls.
- Pioneering the Space Frontier, Report of the Nat. Comm. on Space, Bantam 1986. A long term study, proposing a program for the next 50 years, using NASA projections for the First 10 years.
- The Post-Apollo Space Program: Directions for the Future (Space Task Group Report to the President, 1969.)
- Civilian Space Stations and the US Future in Space. (US Congress, Office of Technology Assessment OTA-STI-241 Nov. 1984, p.166 - 170)
- “Statement about the Future of the US Space Program” Nixon R., March 1970.
- Colliers Magazine 1952. Several copies and art by Bonestell Chesley are on display at Griffith Observatory in LA. An overview can be found in OMNI Magazine Oct.'86.
- “The High Frontier” by O'Neill Gerard Dr.
- “Space resources and Space Settlements”, 1977 Summer study, NASA, Ames Research Center.
- “Space Manufacturing Facilities - Space Colonies”. The yearly AIAA/Princeton Conferences represent expert opinion partly applicable to this proposal.
- “A modest habitation facility in Low Earth Orbit, 5th Princeton/AIAA/SSI Conf. on Space Manufacturing May 1981
- Congress Budget Office (CBO), “Pricing Options for the Space Shuttle” March 1985
- CBO, Staff Working Paper: “Budget Effects of the Challenger Accident” March 1986
- CBO, “Setting Space Transportation Policy for the 1990's” Oct. 1986
- “An evolutionary Space Station Architecture” by Harwood O.P.. Journal of the British Interplanetary Society, Vol. 38 pp 305-314, 1985.
- Space Stations and Space Platforms - Concepts, Designs, Infrastructure and Uses; Edited by Bekey Ivan and Herman Daniel; Progress in Astronautics and Aeronautics, Volume 99, 1985.
- “Needed: A consistent, long-term policy governing technology”, Kuntz Robert J., Cat. Eng. Foundation; in Aerospace Forum, Aviation Wk., April 27, 1987.
- “Report of the Citizens Advisory Council on National Space Policy” proposes commercialization of Space specifically through the use of ELV's.
- “The Space Phoenix Project” UCAR Foundation, Boulder CO, Rogers Thomas, ETCO
- “The External Tank as a large Space Structure Construction Base” by Witek N.J., Taylor T.C.; XXXI Congress IAF80, Tokyo, Japan; Sept. 1980.
- Studies and material released by Martin Marietta Michoud, New Orleans
- Results of studies by Martin Marietta, Taylor T. C., Spencer J..
- Thesis and design by architect Stewart Grinstain, Santa Monica, CA; SCI-ARC Los Angeles.
- Simgraphies Engineering Corp., 96 Monterey Road, So. Pasadena, CA 91030, (213) 255-0900; Tice S..
- “Athena Space Station Design”, Spencer J. SRE Dev. Co., Los Angeles CA; Rotating Space station from 8 LH2 tanks.