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Heavy-Duty Diesel Emissions from Operation on Crude and Minimally-Processed Shale Oils
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published February 01, 1985 by SAE International in United States
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Three crude shale oils were chosen from six candidates to investigate their possible use as substitutes for No. 2 diesel fuel. Satisfactory hot engine operation was achieved on the crudes using a fuel heating system, allowing emissions characterization during transient and steady-state operation. Regulated gaseous emissions changed little with the crudes compared to diesel fuel; but total particulate and soluble organics increased, and larger injector tip deposits and piston crown erosion were observed. After engine rebuild, two minimally-processed shale oils were run without the fuel heating system, causing no engine problems. Most emissions were higher than for No. 2 fuel using an SO percent distillate of crude shale oil, but lower using a hydrotreated form of the distillate.
CitationUllman, T., Hare, C., and Harvey, C., "Heavy-Duty Diesel Emissions from Operation on Crude and Minimally-Processed Shale Oils," SAE Technical Paper 850270, 1985, https://doi.org/10.4271/850270.
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