This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Design, Development and Testing of a Load-Sensing Crash Dummy Face
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published February 01, 1984 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
This project covers one facet of a program to develop a mechanical model for characterizing the time history of local forces on the zygomatic, maxillary and mandible regions of the human face during a frontal collision. Two mechanical devices to measure the forces on crash dummies during testing were designed, constructed and tested. The devices employed cantilever beams equipped with strain gauges.
Both devices were subjected to a series of drop tests onto various materials. Time histories were compared to those obtained from cadaver experiments. While the data obtained from this testing appears to be similar to the cadaver data, further improvements and modifications will make the model much more useful.
|Technical Paper||The Primate as a Model for Crash Injury|
|Technical Paper||Effect of Head and Body Position and Muscular Tensing on Response to Impact|
|Technical Paper||Development of a Promising Universal Thoracic Trauma Prediction Methodology|
CitationMoulton, J., Warner, C., and Mellander, H., "Design, Development and Testing of a Load-Sensing Crash Dummy Face," SAE Technical Paper 840397, 1984, https://doi.org/10.4271/840397.
- Nahum Alan M., et. al., “Impact Tolerance of the skull and Face.” Proceedings of the 12th stapp car Crash Conference, Society of Automotive Engineers, New York, 1968.
- Kroell Charles, Metnet information obtained through personal obtained through personal communication.
- Hofferberth James E., Incapsulated ink paper information obtained through personal communication.
- Warner Charles Y., & Niven Jeff, “A Prototype Load-Sensing Dummy Faceform Test Device for Facial Injury Hazard Assessment.” Proceedings of the 23rd American Association for Automotive Medicine Conference, Louisville, KY, 1979.
- Hodgson Voigt R., “Breaking Strength of the Human skull vs. Impact Surface Curvature.” DOT HS-800 583 Contract No. FB-11-7609, Final Report, June 1971.
- Swearingen John J., “Tolerance of the Human Face to Crash Impact”. Civil Aeromedical Research institute Report No. AM 65-20, pp. 1-24, 1965.
- Patrick Lawrence M., et. al., “Facial Injuries--Causes and Prevention”, Proceedings of the 7th Stapp Car Crash Conference, pp. 541-569, 1963.
- Hodgson Voight K., et. al., “Response of the Facial Structure to Impact”. Proceedings of the 8th Stapp Car Crash Conference, pp. 229-249, 1965.
- Hodgson Voight K., et, al., “Injury to the Facial Bones”. Proceedings of the 9th Stapp Car Crash Conference, pp. 145-181, 1965.
- Hodgson Voight K., et. al., “Tolerance of the Facial Bones to Impact”. American Journal of Anatomy No. 120, pp. 113-123, 1967.
- Alem N.M., et. al. “Superior-Inferior Head impact Tolerance Levels”. University of Michigan, PB83144501, Nov. 1982.
- Evans F. Gaynor, Stress and Strain in Bones. (Springfield, I11.: Charles C. Thomas, 1957).
- Swearingen John J., “Biomechanics of Facial Injury”. The Prevention of Highway Injury, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1967, pp. 165ff.
- Gadd C.W., et. al., “A Study of Head and Facial Bone Impact Tolerances”. Proceedings of General Motors Automotive Safety Seminar, Milford, Michigan, July 1968.
- Douglass J.M., et. al., “Applications of Experimental Head Injury Research”. SAE 680786, 1968.