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Biomechanical Evaluation of Steering Wheel Design
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published February 01, 1982 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
In a crash, impact against the steering assembly can be a major cause of serious and fatal injury to drivers. But the interrelationship between injury protection and factors of surface area, configuration, padding, relative position of the spokes, and number and stiffness of spokes and rim is not clear. This paper reports a series of high-G sled tests conducted with anesthetized animal subjects in 30 mph impacts at 30 G peaks. A total of eight tests were conducted, five utilizing pig subjects, one a female chimpanzee, one an anthropomorphic dummy, and one test with no subject. Instrumentation included closed circuit TV, a tri-axial load cell mounted between the steering wheel and column, seat belt load measurement, six Photo-Sonics 1000 fps motion picture cameras, and poloroid photography. Medical monitoring pre, during and post-impact was followed by gross and microscopic tissue examination. Observations from these tests are believed to be significant to both engineering of steering wheel design and medical interpretation of causation of driver injuries.
- Richard G. Snyder - Biomedical Department, Highway Safety Research Institute, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI
- Joseph W. Young - Protection and Survival Laboratories, Civil Aeromedical Institute, Federal Aviation Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation, Oklahoma City. OK
- Michael Q. Doyle - American Board of Emergency Medicine, Pontiac Osteopathic Hospital, Pontiac, MI
CitationSnyder, R., Young, J., and Doyle, M., "Biomechanical Evaluation of Steering Wheel Design," SAE Technical Paper 820478, 1982, https://doi.org/10.4271/820478.
Occupant Crash Interaction With the Steering System
Number: SP-0507 ; Published: 1982-02-01
Number: SP-0507 ; Published: 1982-02-01
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