This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Frequency and Significance of Seat Belt Induced Neck Injuries in Lateral Collisions
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published October 01, 1981 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
It is well established that properly worn seat belts reduce the incidence of severe neck injuries in car accidents in general. However, for certain configurations of nearside lateral collisions this statement has not been substantiated beyond any doubt by the published field accident data. In order to further evaluate this question, the samples of two accident investigation programs, one from Switzerland and one from France, were combined and analysed accordingly. They contain a total of 810 wearers of three point belts OAIS* > = 2, 98 of which are cases of lateral nearside impacts. In 10 % (N = 10) of this subset neck injuries of AIS >=1 were registered. 7 of those 10 cases were of a degree of AIS>=2 whereby 2 of them could directly be attributed to an immediate belt contact. The corresponding incidence of neck injuries in the rest of the sample (712 cases of frontal, farside impacts, rollovers etc. with 111 victims exhibiting a neck injury rated AIS>=1) is not significantly different.
|Technical Paper||WorldSID Dummy Head-Neck Biofidelity Response|
|Technical Paper||LIMITATIONS OF ATB/CVS AS AN ACCIDENT RECONSTRUCTION TOOL|
|Technical Paper||Injury Mechanisms and Field Accident Data Analysis in Rollover Accidents|
- C. Thomas - Laboratoire de Physiologie et de Biomécanique Association Peugeot S.A .-Renault, France
- F. Hartemann - Laboratoire de Physiologie et de Biomécanique Association Peugeot S.A .-Renault, France
- Peter F. Niederer - Institute of Biomedical Engineering Swiss Federal Institute of Technology and University of Zurich, Switzerland
- Felix H. Walz - Institute of Forensic Medicine University of Zurich, Switzerland
CitationWalz, F., Niederer, P., Thomas, C., and Hartemann, F., "Frequency and Significance of Seat Belt Induced Neck Injuries in Lateral Collisions," SAE Technical Paper 811031, 1981, https://doi.org/10.4271/811031.
- Appel H. et al Accident Analysis of Vehicle Side Collisions Proceedings IRCOBI Conference Berlin 251 69 1977
- Danner J. Accident and Injury Characteristics in Side Collisions and Protection Criteria in Respect of Belted Occupants Proceedings 21st Stapp Car Crash Conference New Orleans, LA 151 212 1977
- Hartemann F. et al Occupant Protection in Lateral Impacts Proceedings 20th Stapp Car Crash Conference Dearborne, MI 189 219 1976
- Hartemann F. et al Belted or not belted: the Only Difference Between two Matched Samples of 200 Car Occupants Proceedings 21st Stapp Car Crash Conference New Orleans, LA 95 150 1977
- Iones I. S. Benefits of Restraint Use With Particular Reference to Accidents Involving Compartment Intrusion Calspan Corp. Buffalo N.Y. 1975
- Walz F. H. et al Belted Occupants in Oblique and Side Impacts Proceedings IRCOBI Conference Berlin 194 205 1977
- Niederer P. F. et al Adverse Effects of Seat Belts and Causes of Belt Failiures in Severe Car Accidents in Switzerland During 1976 Proceedings 21st Stapp Car Crash Conference New Orleans, LA 54 93 1977
- McHenry R. Computer Aids for Accident Investigation SAE paper 760776 , in Mathematical Modelling, Biodynamic Response to Impact. SAE 412 1976
- Thomas C. et al Comparative Study of 1624 Belted and 3242 Non - Belted Occupants: Results on the Effectiveness of Seat Belts Proceedings 23rd AAAM Conference Louisville, KEN 422 36 1979