This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Three-Way Conversion Catalysts on Vehicles Fueled with Ethanol-Gasoline Mixtures
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published February 01, 1979 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
Three-way conversion catalysts systems which provide control of three emission components - hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, and oxides of nitrogen - generally require the use of closed-loop feedback control of the air/fuel metering system to provide a near stoichiometric exhaust gas composition. As an alternate fuel such as ethyl-alcohol is added to gasoline, the stoichiometric air/fuel ratio is altered. Conventional air/fuel metering systems do not compensate for this change. This paper studies the ability of the Volvo closed-loop control fuel injection system, now in use on vehicles in the United States, to maintain the stoichiometric air/fuel mixture needed for optimum emission control and to compensate for the change in fuel stoichiometry encountered in gasoline/alternate fuel mixtures. The system was found to have the ability to completely compensate for gasoline/ethyl alcohol mixtures up to 30% ethyl alcohol with no loss in emission control. Gasoline/methyl alcohol blends were also tested successfully.
There is definite potential for the three-way conversion catalyst/closed-loop systems to provide our nation with flexibility in fuel formulation not otherwise found in conventional fuel metering systems. With proper planning and engineering, non-petroleum derived fuels can be blended with gasoline without requiring engine adjustments or compromising emission controls.
- J. J. Mooney - Engelhard Industries Division Engelhard Minerals & Chemicals Corporation, Menlo Park, N.J. 08817
- J. G. Hansel - Engelhard Industries Division Engelhard Minerals & Chemicals Corporation, Menlo Park, N.J. 08817
- K. R. Burns - Engelhard Industries Division Engelhard Minerals & Chemicals Corporation, Menlo Park, N.J. 08817
CitationMooney, J., Hansel, J., and Burns, K., "Three-Way Conversion Catalysts on Vehicles Fueled with Ethanol-Gasoline Mixtures," SAE Technical Paper 790428, 1979, https://doi.org/10.4271/790428.
- Witzenberg G. L. “Alcohol Fuel Getting Attractive” Wards Auto World 13 July 1977
- Howes D. A. “The Use of Synthetic Methanol as a Motor Fuel” Jour. Inst. Petr. Tech. 19 301 1933
- Pleeth W. J. W. “Alcohol, A Fuel for Internal Combustion Engines” Chapman and Hall London 1949
- Publow G. Grinberg L. “Performance of Late Model Cars with Gasoline-Methanol Fuel” SAE Paper No. 780948 1978
- Wigg E. E. Lunt R. S. “Methanol as a Gasoline Extender - Fuel Economy, Emissions and High Temperature Drivability” SAE Paper No. 741008 1974
- Menrad H. Lee W. Bernhardt W. “Development of a Pure Methanol Fuel Car” SAE Paper No. 770790 1977
- Mooney J. J. Thompson C. E. Dettling J. C. “Three-Way Conversion Catalysts - Part of the New Emission Control System” SAE Paper No. 770365 1977
- Engh G. T. Wallman S. “Development of the Volvo Lambda-Sond System” SAE Paper No. 770295 1977
- “An Update on Three-Way Catalysts” Automotive Engineering 85 August 1977
- “Ford's 2.3 Liter Four Adopts Three-Way Approach” Automotive Engineering Oct. 1977
- Zechnall R. Baumann G. Eisele H. “Closed-Loop Exhaust Emission Control System With Electronic Fuel Injection” SAE Paper 730566 1973
- Federal Register 42 124 June 28 1977