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High Strength Steel Siderails-A Comparative Evaluation
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published February 01, 1977 by SAE International in United States
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A comparative evaluation is presented of the performance of two types of materials with different yield strengths both of which currently are used in heavy duty truck frames. These two materials are an as-rolled 80 ksi yield strength low alloy steel (VAN-80) and a 110 ksi yield strength low carbon, intermediate manganese, quenched and tempered steel.
The evaluation consists of a full size siderail fatigue life evaluation, fatigue performance of smooth and notched specimens tested in load control, fracture toughness data and fatigue crack propagation rates down to -60°F for each material, and an analytical treatment to establish the critical event that leads to failure in a structure at low temperature.
As truck frame siderails must provide reliable performance over a prolonged service life, they must demonstrate a high resistance to fatigue. A discussion of the conventional R.B.M. rating of a frame siderail related to its fatigue performance based upon the results of the fatigue evaluation is presented.
The use of “as-rolled” high strength material yielding equivalent in-service performance to a quenched and tempered product offers significant benefits to both user and manufacturer. This product is both cost effective and energy effective in that the additional processing through conventional heat treatment systems is eliminated.
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CitationSatava, G., Martin, J., and Hamburg, E., "High Strength Steel Siderails-A Comparative Evaluation," SAE Technical Paper 770897, 1977, https://doi.org/10.4271/770897.
- Watson P. and Topper T. H., “An Evaluation of the Fatigue Performance of Automotive Steels”, SAE Paper 71097, Society of Automotive Engineers, Mid-Year Meeting, Montreal, Canada, June 1971.
- Hertzberg R. W. and Goodenow R. H., “Fracture Toughness and Fatigue Crack Propagation in Hot-Rolled Microalloyed Steel”, Micro-Alloying 75, Washington, D. C., October 1975.
- Sih G., “Handbook of Stress Intensity Factors”, Institute of Fracture and Solid Mechanics, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pa., 1973.
- Tada H., Paris P., Irwin G., “The Stress Analysis of Cracks Handbook”, Del Research Corp., Hellertown, Pa., 1973.