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Passenger Car Fuel Economy During Non-Urban Driving
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published February 01, 1974 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
Event: National West Coast Meeting
The use of fuel economy data from the Federal Test Procedure (FTP) has provided a substantial amount of data on the fuel economy of passenger cars in urban driving conditions. Since the FTP does not represent the type of driving done in rural areas, especially on highways, a driving cycle to assess highway fuel economy was a desirable supplement to the FTP.
The new Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) “highway” cycle was constructed from actual speed-versus-time traces generated by an instrumented test car driven over a variety of nonurban roads and highways. This cycle reflects the correct proportion of operation on each of the four major types of nonurban roads and preserves the non-steady-state characteristics of real-world driving.
The average speed of the cycle is 48.2 mph and the cycle length is 10.2 miles, close to the average nonurban trip length.
Preliminary vehicle tests show that rotary and conventional engine-powered vehicles achieve approximately the same ratio of highway fuel economy to urban (FTP) fuel economy. Various unconventional engine-powered vehicles show different values for the ratio of highway to urban fuel economy. The continued use of the highway cycle will establish a data base which, when used in conjunction with FTP data, will allow better estimates of both fuel economy and exhaust emission trends.
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CitationAustin, T., Hellman, K., and Paulsell, C., "Passenger Car Fuel Economy During Non-Urban Driving," SAE Technical Paper 740592, 1974, https://doi.org/10.4271/740592.
- “Part II of the 1972 National Highway Needs Report,” prepared by the U.S. Department of Transportation, House Document No. 92-266, Part II, April 1972.
- “National Personal Transportation Study.” Report No. 3, U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, April 1972.