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Modeling and Testing of Storage Batteries
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published February 01, 1973 by SAE International in United States
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This paper develops and evaluates an elementary electrical circuit model for a storage cell. The model is applied to both lead-acid and nickel-cadmium cells. It exhibits the appropriate terminal voltage, current behavior and, for lead-acid batteries, the observed nonreciprocal power-energy relationship. The circuit model provides an accurate simulation of electric vehicle propulsion batteries, enabling vehicle designers to make good preliminary evaluations of driving range under a variety of conditions, including urban driving cycles. Also described is a programmable battery test stand which can simulate an electric vehicle under these same conditions and provide direct measurements of battery capacity.
CitationKleckner, K., "Modeling and Testing of Storage Batteries," SAE Technical Paper 730251, 1973, https://doi.org/10.4271/730251.
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