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Third Generation of Automotive Test Dummies
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published February 01, 1970 by SAE International in United States
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To meet today's demands for a higher degree of accuracy and repeatability in automotive crash testing, a new advanced anthropometric dummy is under development.
This third-generation test dummy is designed to be in a 90 deg seated position and complies with all requirements of present SAE J963 specifications.
The head is a completely new design. The skull, which is covered with a removable skin, is symmetrical for better test repeatability. The newly developed neck concept produces more human-like response. New materials used in the neck and the lower vertebrae eliminate ringing effects. The new shoulder assembly features better contour and muscle tone, and withstands the expected shoulder harness loads. The chest of the previous generation dummies is replaced with a plastic contoured rib cage of the required load deflection characteristics. To provide a better means of restraint system evaluation, the new pelvis is human-like in contour. For better simulation of muscle tone, more reliable friction setting of joints is included.
Finally, for easier handling, the skin closure zippers are located in the rear and paddings are secured in place.
CitationMaté, P. and Popp, L., "Third Generation of Automotive Test Dummies," SAE Technical Paper 700908, 1970, https://doi.org/10.4271/700908.
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