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Ammonia as a Spark Ignition Engine Fuel: Theory and Application
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published February 01, 1966 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
Anhydrous ammonia has been demonstrated to operate successfully as a fuel for spark ignition engines. Principal requirements are that it be introduced in the vapor phase and partly decomposed to hydrogen and nitrogen.
Spark timing for maximum performance must be advanced slightly for ammonia but sensitivity to spark timing is little greater than with hydrocarbons. Increasing the cylinder wall temperature aids in effecting successful and reliable operation.
The maximum theoretically possible indicated output using ammonia vapor is about 77% of that with hydrocarbon. Specific fuel consumption increase twofold at maximum power and 2-1/2 fold at maximum economy when using ammonia as a replacement for hydrocarbon.
|Technical Paper||Ammonia Fuel - Engine Compatibility and Combustion|
|Technical Paper||Combustion of Anhydrous Ammonia in Diesel Engines|
|Technical Paper||Oxides of Nitrogen in the Combustion Products of an Ammonia Fueled Reciprocating Engine|
CitationStarkman, E., Newhall, H., Sutton, R., Maguire, T. et al., "Ammonia as a Spark Ignition Engine Fuel: Theory and Application," SAE Technical Paper 660155, 1966, https://doi.org/10.4271/660155.
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