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A Review of Toxicity analysis of particulate emissions from conventional and advanced low-temperature combustion engines
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
To be published on April 06, 2021 by SAE International in United States
Event: SAE WCX Digital Summit
Automotive engines produce pollutant species which has the potential to damage human health as well as the environment. The toxicity potential of these species depends on the concentration, route, and time of exposure. Toxicity studies are required in the current scenario due to increase in pollution level by vehicles used for transportation.The presented study is a review focused on the toxicity analysis of particulate, elemental and organic carbon emission from the internal combustion engine with conventional and alternative fuels like biodiesel and alcohols. The study is focused on the formation, characterization and quantification of particulate matter, elemental and organic carbon, and their effect on human health. The other part of the study is focused on mutagenicity (mutation in DNA), Cytotoxicity (cell toxicity), ecotoxicity (plant and ambient toxicity) analysis of the particulate emitted from the engines. Mutagenicity analysis determines the carcinogenic nature of a chemical species. The study investigates the reasons for the formation of such pollutant, their morphology, and role in the toxicity of ambient air. This paper provides new insight for the investigation of nature of particulate and their effect on human health and the environment.