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Influence of Ethanol and Nano Titanium Oxide Into Non Edible Cotton Seed Oil Biodiesel on the Performance of CI Engine
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
To be published on September 15, 2020 by SAE International in United States
INFLUENCE OF ETHANOL AND NANO TITANIUM OXIDE INTO NON EDIBLE COTTON SEED OIL BIODIESEL ON THE PERFORMANCE OF CI ENGINE Prabakaran B Department of Automobile Engineering, Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science, Chennai Tamil Nadu India Nonedible oil biodiesels and alcohols are the available renewable resources for liquid fuels to reduce the dependency of diesel to fuel compression ignition engine. This experimental investigation is to study the performance of compression ignition engine fueled with blends of non-edible cottonseed oil biodiesel and butanol with the assistance of nano cerium oxide in various proportions. Initially, a solubility and property testing of various proportions of biodiesel and ethanol were performed to attain an optimal blend possessing similar properties in comparison to that of diesel. This optimal blend was ultrasonicated with nano titanium oxide (0- 100ppm). The addition of cerium oxide nano into biodiesel ethanol blends was attractive and it improved the essential properties. Results of the property testing showed that 35% butanol can be blended with biodiesel to obtain blend possessing similar properties in comparison to that of diesel. In-cylinder peak pressure and thermal efficiency produced by the biodiesel ethanol blend containing 50 ppm of nano titanium oxide were found higher in comparison to that of diesel. Emissions of oxides of nitrogen, smoke, carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon produced by this blend were also found significantly lower compared to that of diesel. This was due to the inclusion of nano titanium oxide into the blend.