This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Particle Emissions and Size Distribution across the DPF from a Modern Diesel Engine Using Pure and Blended GTL Fuels
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published September 15, 2020 by SAE International in United States
This content contains downloadable datasetsAnnotation ability available
A Gas to liquid (GTL) fuel was investigated for its combustion and emission performance in an IVECO EURO5 DI diesel engine with a DOC (Diesel Oxidation Catalyst) and DPF (Diesel Particle Filter) installed. The composition of the GTL fuel was analyzed by GC-MS (gas chromatography-mass spectrometry) and showed the carbon distribution of 8-20. Selected physical properties such as density and distillation were measured. The GTL fuel was blended with standard fossil diesel fuel by ratios of diesel/GTL: 100/0, 70/30, 50/50, 30/70 and 0/100. The engine was equipped with a pressure transducer and crank angle encoder in one of its cylinders. The properties of ignition delay and maximum in-cylinder pressure were studied as a function of fraction of the GTL fuel. Particle emissions were measured using DMS500 particle size instrument at both upstream (engine out) and downstream of the DPF (DPF out) for particle number concentrations and size distribution from 5 nm to 1000 nm. The results show that total particle number concentrations were significantly reduced with the increase of GTL fuel fractions. The particle number emissions reduction was captured both from nucleation and agglomeration mode particles. The significant reduction in particle emissions were due to the chemical composition of the GTL fuel, dominantly alkanes without aromatics, which leads to more complete combustion. The ignition delays were reduced with the increasing of blending ratio of the GTL and GTL blends also showed shorter combustion duration when compared to diesel fuel at low engine power test conditions.
CitationWu, Y., Li, H., and Andrews, G., "Particle Emissions and Size Distribution across the DPF from a Modern Diesel Engine Using Pure and Blended GTL Fuels," SAE Technical Paper 2020-01-2059, 2020, https://doi.org/10.4271/2020-01-2059.
Data Sets - Support Documents
|Unnamed Dataset 1|
|Unnamed Dataset 2|
|Unnamed Dataset 3|
|Unnamed Dataset 4|
- Quijones , Don Wolf Street 2019 https://wolfstreet.com/2019/04/05/uk-auto-sales-in-q1-down-14-5-from-2-years-ago-diesels-in-death-spiral/
- Wang , H. , Hao , H. , Li , X. , Zhang , K. , and Ouyang , M. Performance of Euro III Common Rail Heavy Duty Diesel Engine Fueled with Gas to Liquid Applied Energy 86 10 2257 2261 2009
- Hensman , John Richard Fischer-Tropsch Process. 2005
- Schanke , Dag Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis. 2001
- Shell company Shell GTL Fuel Knowledge Guide Version 2.0 2018
- Kitano , K. , Sakata , I. , and Clark , R. Effects of GTL Fuel Properties on DI Diesel Combustion SAE Transactions 1415 1425 2005
- Myburgh , I. , Schnell , M. , Oyama , K. , Sugano , H. et al. The Emission Performance of a GTL Diesel Fuel-a Japanese Market Study SAE Technical Paper 2003-01-1946 2003 https://doi.org/10.4271/2003-01-1946
- Maly , Rudolf R. Effect of GTL Diesel Fuels on Emissions and Engine Performance presentation at 10th Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction Conference Coronado, Calif 2004
- NIST https://www.nist.gov/sites/default/files/documents/srd/NIST1a11Ver2-0Man.pdf
- AVL a Instruction manual.
- AVL b 2014 Instruction manual.
- Cambustion 2015 http://www.cambustion.com/sites/default/files/instruments/DMS500/DMS500aerosol.pdf
- Oguma , M. , Goto , S. , Oyama , K. , Sugiyama , K. , and Mori , M. The Possibility of Gas to Liquid (GTL) as a Fuel of Direct Injection Diesel Engine SAE Technical Paper 2002-01-1706 2002 https://doi.org/10.4271/2002-01-1706
- Soltic , P. , Edenhauser , D. , Thurnheer , T. , Schreiber , D. , and Sankowski , A. Experimental Investigation of Mineral Diesel Fuel, GTL Fuel, RME and Neat Soybean and Rapeseed Oil Combustion in a Heavy Duty On-Road Engine with Exhaust Gas Aftertreatment Fuel 88 1 1 8 2009
- Kidoguchi , Y. , Yang , C. , Kato , R. , and Miwa , K. Effects of Fuel Cetane Number and Aromatics on Combustion Process and Emissions of a Direct-Injection Diesel Engine JSAE Review 21 4 469 475 2000
- Kee , S.-S. , Mohammadi , A. , Kidoguchi , Y. , and Miwa , K. Effects of Aromatic Hydrocarbons on Fuel Decomposition and Oxidation Processes in Diesel Combustion SAE transactions 765 772 2005
- Vandersickel , A. , Hartmann , M. , Vogel , K. , Wright , Y.M. et al. The Autoignition of Practical Fuels at HCCI Conditions: High-Pressure Shock Tube Experiments and Phenomenological Modeling Fuel 93 492 501 2012
- Stiver , W. , and Mackay , D. Evaporation Rate of Spills of Hydrocarbons and Petroleum Mixtures Environmental Science & Technology 18 11 834 840 1984
- Sajjad , H. , Masjuki , H.H. , Varman , M. , Kalam , M.A. et al. Engine Combustion, Performance and Emission Characteristics of Gas to Liquid (GTL) Fuels and its Blends with Diesel and Bio-Diesel Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 30 961 986 2014
- Du , J. , Sun , W. , Wang , X. , Li , G. et al. Experimental Study on Combustion and Particle Size Distribution of a Common Rail Diesel Engine Fueled with GTL/Diesel Blends Applied Thermal Engineering 70 1 430 440 2014
- Li , X. , Huang , Z. , Wang , J. , and Zhang , W. Particle Size Distribution from a GTL Engine Science of the Total Environment 382 2-3 295 303 2007