This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Research on Joining High Pressure Die Casting Parts by Self-Pierce Riveting (SPR) Using Ring-Groove Die Comparing to Heat Treatment Method
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published April 14, 2020 by SAE International in United States
This content contains downloadable datasetsAnnotation ability available
Nowadays, the increasing number of structural high pressure die casting (HPDC) aluminum parts need to be joined with high strength steel (HSS) parts in order to reduce the weight of vehicle for fuel-economy considerations. Self-Pierce Riveting (SPR) has become one of the strongest mechanical joining solutions used in automotive industry in the past several decades. Joining HPDC parts with HSS parts can potentially cause joint quality issues, such as joint button cracks, low corrosion resistance and low joint strength. The appropriate heat treatment will be suggested to improve SPR joint quality in terms of cracks reduction. But the heat treatment can also result in the blister issue and extra time and cost consumption for HPDC parts.
The relationship between the microstructure of HPDC material before and after heat treatment with the joint quality is going to be investigated and discussed for interpretation of cracks initiation and propagation during riveting. The SPR joint quality will be evaluated based on interlock distance, the minimum remaining thickness (Tmin), shear strength etc. Instead of using heat treatment method, the SPR joints formed by the special die set with ring-groove design will be tested and the joint quality will also be covered. The crack suppression mechanism is going to be included in the SPR simulation done by FORGE. The significance of the ring-groove die design from Böllhoff for joining HPDC aluminum parts in as-cast condition will be discussed in order to improve the joint quality and reduce manufacturing cost.
CitationZhao, X., Zhang, J., Chu, Y., Cheng, P. et al., "Research on Joining High Pressure Die Casting Parts by Self-Pierce Riveting (SPR) Using Ring-Groove Die Comparing to Heat Treatment Method," SAE Technical Paper 2020-01-0222, 2020, https://doi.org/10.4271/2020-01-0222.
Data Sets - Support Documents
|[Unnamed Dataset 1]|
- Bandivadekar, A., Bodek, K., Cheah, L., Evans, C. et al., “On the Road in 2035: Reducing Transportation’s Petroleum Consumption and GHG Emissions,” Laboratory for Energy and the Environment, Report No. LFEE 2008-05 RP, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, July 2008.
- Sakiyama, T., Murayama, G., Naito, Y., Kenji, S. et al., “Dissimilar Metal Joining Technologies for Steel Sheet and Aluminum Alloy Sheet in Auto Body,” Nippon Steel Technical Report 103:91-98, 2013.
- Li, D., Chrysanthou, A., Patel, I., and Williams, G., “Self-Piercing Riveting - A Review,” The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology 92(5-8):1777-1824, 2017.
- Miller, W.S., Zhuang, L., Bottema, J., Wittebrood, A.J. et al., “Recent Development in Aluminium Alloys for the Automotive Industry,” Materials Science and Engineering A 280(1):37-49, 2000.
- Porcaro, R., Hanssen, A.G., Langseth, M., and Aalberg, A., “The Behaviour of a Self-Piercing Riveted Connection under Quasi-Static Loading Conditions,” International Journal of Solids and Structures 43(17):5110-5131, 2006.
- Li, B. and Fatemi, A., “An Experimental Investigation of Deformation and Fatigue Behavior of Coach Peel Riveted Joints,” International Journal of Fatigue 28(1):9-18, 2006.
- Khanna, S.K., Long, X., Krishnamoorthy, S., and Agrawal, H.N., “Fatigue Properties and Failure Characterisation of Self-Piercing Riveted 6111 Aluminium Sheet Joints,” Science and Technology of Welding and Joining 11(5):544-549, 2006.
- Li, D., Han, L., Thornton, M., and Shergold, M., “An Evaluation of Quality and Performance of Self-Piercing Riveted High Strength Aluminium Alloy AA6008 for Automotive Applications,” SAE Technical Paper 2010-01-0223, 2010, doi:https://doi.org/10.4271/2010-01-0223.
- Han, L. and Chrysanthou, A., “Evaluation of Quality and Behaviour of Self-Piercing Riveted Aluminium to High Strength Low Alloy Sheets with Different Surface Coatings,” Materials & Design 29(2):458-468, 2008.
- Han, L., Young, K.W., Hewitt, R., Alkahari, M.R. et al., “Effect of Sheet Material Coatings on Quality and Strength of Self-Piercing Riveted Joints,” SAE Technical Paper 2006-01-0775, 2006, doi:https://doi.org/10.4271/2006-01-0775.
- Li, D., Han, L., Thornton, M., and Shergold, M., “Influence of Edge Distance on Quality and Static Behaviour of Self-Piercing Riveted Aluminium Joints,” Materials & Design 34:22-31, 2012.
- Li, D., Han, L., Thornton, M., Shergold, M. et al., “The Influence of Fatigue on the Stiffness and Remaining Static Strength of Self-Piercing Riveted Aluminium Joints,” Materials & Design 54(2014):301-314, 1980-2015.
- Abe, Y., Kato, T., and Mori, K., “Joinability of Aluminium Alloy and Mild Steel Sheets by Self Piercing Rivet,” Journal of Materials Processing Technology 177(1-3):417-421, 2006.
- Mori, K., Kato, T., Abe, Y., and Ravshanbek, Y., “Plastic Joining of Ultra High Strength Steel and Aluminium Alloy Sheets by Self Piercing Rivet,” CIRP Annals 55(1):283-286, 2006.
- Li, D.Z., Han, L., Lu, Z.J., Thornton, M. et al., “Influence of Die Profiles and Cracks on Joint Buttons on the Joint Quality and Mechanical Strengths of High Strength Aluminium Alloy Joint,” Advanced Materials Research 548:398-405, 2012.
- Chung, C.-S. and Kim, H.-K., “Fatigue Strength of Self-Piercing Riveted Joints in Lap-Shear Specimens of Aluminium and Steel Sheets,” Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials & Structures 39(9):1105-1114, 2016.
- Calabrese, L., Proverbio, E., Di Bella, G., Galtieri, G. et al., “Failure Behaviour of SPR Joints after Salt Spray Test,” Engineering Structures 82:33-43, 2015.
- Hahn, O. and Horstmann, M., “Mechanical Joining of Magnesium Components by Means of Inductive Heating-Realization and Capability,” Materials Science Forum 539:1638-1643, 2007.
- Durandet, Y., Deam, R., Beer, A., Song, W., and Blacket, S., “Laser Assisted Self-Pierce Riveting of AZ31 Magnesium Alloy Strips,” Materials & Design 31:S13-S16, 2010.
- Jian, X., Meek, T.T., and Han, Q., “Refinement of Eutectic Silicon Phase of Aluminum A356 Alloy Using High-Intensity Ultrasonic Vibration,” Scripta Materialia 54(5):893-896, 2006.
- Mathew, J., Remy, G., Williams, M.A., Tang, F. et al., “Effect of Fe Intermetallics on Microstructure and Properties of Al-7Si Alloys,” JOM1-8, 2019.
- Wang, L. and Shivkumar, S., “Strontium Modification of Aluminium Alloy Castings in the Expendable Pattern Casting Process,” Journal of materials Science 30(6):1584-1594, 1995.
- Derin, S., Aybarç, U., and Birol, Y., “Effect of Strontium Addition on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of AlSi7Mg0. 3 Alloy,” International Journal of Metalcasting 11(4):688-695, 2017.
- Stebunov, S., Vlasov, A., and Biba, N., “Prediction of Fracture in Cold Forging with Modified Cockcroft-Latham Criterion,” Procedia Manufacturing 15:519-526, 2018.
- Zhao, X., “Reasearch on Applying the Self-Pierce Riveting (SPR) for Die Casting Aluminum Alloys,” PhD diss., figshare, 2019.