This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Characteristics Investigation on Di Diesel Engine with Nano-Particles as an Additive in Lemon Grass Oil
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published October 11, 2019 by SAE International in United States
This content contains downloadable datasetsAnnotation ability available
Event: International Conference on Advances in Design, Materials, Manufacturing and Surface Engineering for Mobility
In this experimental study, combustion, performance & emission characteristics of a single cylinder D.I. diesel engine is analyzed using lemon grass oil and diesel blend B20. The alumina (Al2O3) nano-particles of 10, 20 and 30 parts per million (B20A10, B20A20, B20A30) are assorted with prepared fuel blend through an ultrasonicator which would help to fetch an unvarying suspension of nano-particles over the blend fuel. SEM analysis and X-ray diffraction have been done for the alumina nano-particles to test the size of the particles that are blended to the bio-fuel blends. The chemical reactivity and rate of mixing are better though the characteristics of nano-particles exhibit high exterior area/capacity ratio during combustion that ultimately results in good characteristics of a diesel engine. Among test fuels, B20A20 shows healthier performance both in relationships of efficiency & emissions such as Nitrous oxide (NOx), hydrocarbon (HC), Carbon monoxide (CO), and Smoke. The ŋBTE for fuel B20A20 is significantly improved by 11.5% when it is compared to the fuel B100. The HC emission is decreased by 40%, CO emission reduced by 6%, NOx emission decreased by 31% and smoke emission reduced by 39% when it is compared to the pure bio-fuel (B100). It is seen clearly that the blending of bio-fuel at the proportion of B20 in the diesel fuel has increased the performance and reduced HC, CO and smoke emission owing to the increase in NOx emission due to better combustion characteristics. From this investigation, adding alumina nano-particles has improved combustion quality showing better performance and shown reduced NOx, CO, HC & smoke in comparison to neat diesel and bio-fuels.
CitationBalasubramanian, D., Papla Venugopal, I., and Viswanathan, K., "Characteristics Investigation on Di Diesel Engine with Nano-Particles as an Additive in Lemon Grass Oil," SAE Technical Paper 2019-28-0081, 2019, https://doi.org/10.4271/2019-28-0081.
Data Sets - Support Documents
|[Unnamed Dataset 1]|
|[Unnamed Dataset 2]|
|[Unnamed Dataset 3]|
- Purushothaman, K. and Nagarajan, G. , “Performance, Emission and Combustion Characteristics of a Compression Ignition Engine Operating on Neat Orange Oil,” Renew. Energy 34(1):242-245, 2009, doi:10.1016/j.renene.2008.03.012.
- Vallinayagam, R., Vedharaj, S., Yang, W.M., Lee, P.S., et al. , “Combustion Performance and Emission Characteristics Study of Pine Oil in a Diesel Engine,” Energy 2013, Elsevier, 57(C), 344-351. doi:10.1016/j.energy.2013.05.061.
- Vallinayagam, R., Vedharaj, S., Yang, W.M., and Lee, P.S. , “Operation of Neat Pine Oil Bio-Fuel in a Diesel Engine by Providing Ignition Assistance,” Energy Convers. Manag. 88:1032-1040, 2014, doi:10.1016/j.enconman.2014.09.052.
- Varatharajan, K. and Cheralathan, M. , “Effect of Aromatic Amine Antioxidants on NOx Emissions from a Soybean Biodiesel Powered DI Diesel Engine,” Fuel Processing Technology 106:526-532, 2013, doi:10.1016/j.fuproc.2012.09.023.
- Arockiasamy, P. and Anand, R. , “Performance, Combustion and Emission Characteristics of a D.I. Diesel Engine Fuelled with Nanoparticle Blended Jatropha Biodiesel,” Periodica Polytechnica Mechanical Engineering 59(2):88-93, 2015, doi:10.3311/PPme.7766.
- Mitchell, R., Link, M.E., Kao, R., Mu-Jung et al. , “Aqueous Aluminum Nanofluid Combustion in Diesel Fuel,” Journal of Testing and Evaluation - J TEST EVAL 36, 2008, doi:10.1520/JTE100579.
- Sathiyamoorthi, R. and Sankaranarayanan, G. , “Effect of Antioxidant Additives on the Performance and Emission Characteristics of a DICI Engine Using Neat Lemongrass Oil Diesel Blend,” Fuel 174:89-96, 2016, doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2016.01.076.
- Balasubramanian, D., Ramesh, J., Lalvani, I., Murugesan, P., and Annamalai, K. , “An Assessment on Performance, Emission and Combustion Characteristics of Single Cylinder Diesel Engine Powered by Cymbopogon flexuosus Biofuel,” Energy Conversion and Management 117:466-474, 2016, doi:10.1016/j.enconman.2016.03.049.
- Dhinesh, B., Niruban Bharathi, R., Isaac Joshua, J., Lalvani, R. et al. , “An Experimental Analysis on the Influence of Fuel-Borne Additives on the Single Cylinder Diesel Engine Poared by Cymbopogon flexuosus Bio-Fuel,” Journal of Energy Institute 90(4):634-645, 2016, doi:10.1016/j.joei.2016.04.010.
- Alagumalai, A. , “Combustion Characteristics of Lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus) Oil in a Partial Premixed Charge Compression Ignition Engine,” Alexandria Engineering Journal 54(3):405-413, 2015, doi:10.1016/j.aej.2015.03.021.
- Dhinesh, B., Joshua, I., Ramesh Lalvani, J., Parthasarathy, M., and Annamalai, K. , “An Assessment on Performance, Emission and Combustion Characteristics of Single Cylinder Diesel Engine Poared by Cymbopogon flexuosus Bio-Fuel,” Energy Conversion Management 117:466-474, 2016, doi:10.1016/j.enconman.2016.03.049.
- Vallinayagam, R., Vedharaj, S., Yang, W.M., Roberts, W.L. et al. , “Feasibility of Using less Viscous and Lower Cetane (LVLC) Fuels in a Diesel Engine: A Review,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 51:1166-1190, 2015, doi:10.1016/j.rser.2015.07.042.
- Vallinayagam, R., Vedharaj, S., Yang, W.M., and Lee, P.S. , “Operation of Neat Pine Oil Bio-Fuel in a Diesel Engine by Providing Ignition Assistance,” Energy Conversion Management 88:1032-1040, 2014, doi:10.1016/j.enconman.2014.09.052.
- Vallinayagam, R., Vedharaj, S., Yang, W.M., Raghavan, V. et al. , “Investigation of Evaporation and Engine Characteristics of Pine Oil Bio-Fuel Fumigated in the Inlet Manifold of a Diesel Engine,” Applied Energy 115:514-524, 2014, doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.11.004.
- Atabani, A.E., Silitonga, A.S., Ong, H.C., Mahlia, T.M.I. et al. , “Non-Edible Vegetable Oils: A Critical Evaluation of Oil Extraction, Fatty Acid Compositions, Biodiesel Production, Characteristics, Engine Performance and Emissions Production,” 18:211-245, 2013, doi:10.1016/j.rser.2012.10.013.
- Balasubramanian, D. and Lawrence, K.R. , “Influence on the Effect of Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles as an Additive with Mimusops Elengi Methyl Ester in a CI Engine,” Environmental Science and Pollution Research 26:16493, 2019, doi:10.1007/s11356-019-04826-7.
- Viswanathan, K., Balasubramanian, D., Subramanian, T., and Edwin Geo, V. , “Investigating the Combined Effect of Thermal Barrier Coating and Antioxidants on Pine Oil in DI Diesel Engine,” Environmental Science and Pollution Research 26:15573, 2019, doi:10.1007/s11356-019-04649-6.
- Nanthagopal, K., Ashok, B., Garnepudi, R.S., Tarun, K.R. et al. , “Investigation on Diethyl Ether as an Additive with Calophyllum Inophyllum Biodiesel for CI Engine Application,” Energy Conversion and Management 179:104-113, 2019, doi:10.1016/j.enconman.2018.10.064.
- Jayakar, J., Elumalai, P.V., Annamalai, K., Mailainathan, M. et al. , “Macroscopic Characteristics of Palm Oil and Palm Oil Methyl Ester Using Dimensionless Analysis,” Journal of Oil Palm Research 30(4):666-673, 2018, doi:10.21894/jopr.2018.0055.