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Amelioration of Modular Mobility by Adopting Split Cell Solar Panel Cleaning and Cooling Thereof
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
To be published on October 11, 2019 by SAE International in United States
Event: International Conference on Advances in Design, Materials, Manufacturing and Surface Engineering for Mobility
In the photovoltaic system, the efficiency of solar cells is determined by the combination of latitude and climate. The electricity generation in the photovoltaic cell is more in the morning time than in the afternoon time. This is due to the fact that an increase in solar cell temperature leads to a decrease in efficiency of the solar panel. This work aims to provide necessary cooling to the solar panel for favorable output during noon time. Normally electrical modular vehicles use non-split cell solar panels. In order to increase the efficiency, we are using a split cell solar panel as it increases the voltage by halving the size of the silicon chips. Thus, having the cells results in increasing efficiency and lowering the operation temperature. The solar panel should be maintained at a particular temperature by adopting sprinkling of water method in solar panel for hybrid vehicles. The proposed system consists of a storage tank, radiator, temperature sensor, water sprinkle jets attached to the hybrid vehicle. When the temperature increases beyond the limit, the temperature sensor provides a signal to the water jets and the water is sprinkled on the panel till the optimum temperature is attained. By this method, the efficiency of the solar panel can be increased with less investment. The output of solar panels is monitored at normal condition and cooling condition at regular intervals. It is found that the output is highly appreciable when cooling is provided. Since it is a simple solar cooling system, it is an economic level and can be easily implemented.