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Comparative Analysis between American and European Requirements for Electronic Stability Control (ESC) Focusing on Commercial Vehicles
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published September 15, 2019 by SAE International in United States
This content contains downloadable datasetsAnnotation ability available
Analysis of road accidents has shown that an important portion of fatal crashes involving Commercial Vehicles are caused by rollovers.
ESC systems in Commercial Vehicles can reduce rollovers, severe understeer or oversteer conditions and minimize occurrences of jackknifing events.
Several studies have estimated that this positive effect of ESC on road safety is substantial. In Europe, Electronic Stability Control (ESC) is expected to prevent by far the most fatalities and injuries: about 3,000 fatalities (-14%), and about 50,000 injuries (-6%) per year.
In Europe, Electronic Stability Control Systems is mandatory for all vehicles (since Nov. 1st, 2011 for new types of vehicle and Nov. 1st, 2014 for all new vehicles), including Commercial Vehicles, Buses, Trucks and Trailers.
On 2015, NHTSA published Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) No. 136, Electronic Stability Control systems for heavy vehicles, requiring Electronic Stability Control (ESC) systems on truck tractors and buses with a gross vehicle weight rating greater than 11,793 kilograms (26,000 pounds) for implementation in 2017.
In South America, CONTRAN Resolution 641/2016 establishes mandatory installation of Electronic Stability and Rollover Control in Commercial Vehicles, including Trailers (Jan. 1st, 2022 for new types of vehicle and Jan. 1st, 2024 for all new vehicles). However there isn’t a Brazilian standard to validate the system and its performance shall comply with ECE R13 (Annex 21) or FMVSS 136, as applicable.
This paper shows a technical review regarding ESC function, its impact on Commercial Vehicles and clarifies the different systems available for trucks and trailers, considering the differences between stability control systems - full stability and roll-only stability. In addition it will show a comparative analysis between American and European requirements and procedures to validate these vehicles safely.
CitationIombriller, S., Bolognesi Prado, W., and Silva, M., "Comparative Analysis between American and European Requirements for Electronic Stability Control (ESC) Focusing on Commercial Vehicles," SAE Technical Paper 2019-01-2141, 2019, https://doi.org/10.4271/2019-01-2141.
Data Sets - Support Documents
|[Unnamed Dataset 1]|
- OICA - The Global Economy, 2017.
- WHO (World Health Organization) , “Global Status Report on Road Safety 2018,”.
- Institute for Road Safety Research , “SWOV Fact Sheet - Electronic Stability Control (ESC), Jul. 2010.
- Kar, S. , “Active Chassis Control Technologies,” Fleet Maintenance, Apr. 2009.
- FMVSS N. 136, Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards, Electronic Stability Control, 2015.
- Koto, H., Kato, T., Nitta, C., Suzuki, K., and Yamada, T. , “Enhancement of Yaw and Roll Stability for Trucks by Estimating Payload Conditions,” SAE Technical Paper 2012-01-0230, 2012, doi:10.4271/2012-01-0230.
- Knorr-Bremse Technical Material, 2017.
- Andersky, F. , “Full Stability and the Road Map to the Future,” Bendix, 2017.
- ECE R13/11 - Annex 21 - Special Requirements for Vehicles Equipped with a Vehicle Stability Function, 2011.
- CONTRAN 641/16 - Conselho Nacional de Transito - Brazilian Regulation for Stability Control for Heavy Commercial Vehicles and Trailers, 2016.
- ISO 14792 - Road Vehicles - Heavy Commercial Vehicles and Buses - Steady-State Circular Tests, 2011.
- ISO 18375 - Heavy Commercial Vehicles and Buses - Test Method for Yaw Stability - Sine with Dwell Test, 2016.
- SAE J2181 - Steady-State Circular Test Procedure for Trucks and Buses, 2011.
- Lutz, A., Schick, B., Hozmann, H. et al. , “Simulation Methods Supporting Homologation of Electronic Stability Control in Vehicle Variants,” International Journal of Vehicle Mechanics and Mobility 55, 2017.
- Wabco Technical Material, 2018.
- U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) , National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Laboratory Test Procedure for FMVSS No. 136 - Electronic Stability Control System for Heavy Vehicles, 2015.