This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Evaluation of Emissions from Light Duty Trucks with and without the Use of a Gasoline Particulate Filter
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published April 02, 2019 by SAE International in United States
This content contains downloadable datasetsAnnotation ability available
The goal of this study was to investigate the emission impacts of replacing the OEM three-way catalyst on light duty trucks using various, commercially available, gasoline particulate filter (GPF) configurations. Three light duty trucks were tested: a Port Fuel Injection (PFI) PFI_1 and two Gasoline Direct Injection (GDI) vehicles GDI_1 and GDI_2. The testing of these vehicles was conducted on a chassis dynamometer in a controlled test cell environment at two temperatures (25 °C and -7 °C) using the Federal Test Procedure (FTP-75) and the US06 test procedure. All three vehicles were tested in stock OEM configuration followed by testing PFI_1 and GDI_1 with a non-catalyzed GPF and GDI_2 with a catalyzed GPF. GDI_2 was also tested on-road using a portable emissions measurement system (PEMS) with and without the use of the catalyzed GPF. Gaseous emissions, Particulate Matter (PM), Black Carbon (BC) and Particle Number (PN) emissions were measured. Results for the non-catalyzed GPF configuration on PFI_1 and GDI_1 showed a decrease in PM at both standard and cold temperatures, with the biggest decrease being 89% for GDI_1 during the FTP-75 at 25 °C. An increase in NOx was also observed for both vehicles at both standard and cold temperature testing with the non-catalyzed GPF installed. GDI_2 catalyzed GPF results showed a decrease in both PM and NOx at both standard and cold temperature testing with the biggest decrease in PM being 87% during the FTP-75 at -7 °C. On-road results for GDI_2 showed a 67% decrease in PN with no significant difference in NOx while equipped with a catalyzed GPF.
CitationAraji, F. and Stokes, J., "Evaluation of Emissions from Light Duty Trucks with and without the Use of a Gasoline Particulate Filter," SAE Technical Paper 2019-01-0971, 2019, https://doi.org/10.4271/2019-01-0971.
Data Sets - Support Documents
|Unnamed Dataset 1|
|Unnamed Dataset 2|
|Unnamed Dataset 3|
|Unnamed Dataset 4|
|Unnamed Dataset 5|
|Unnamed Dataset 6|
|Unnamed Dataset 7|
- Ventura , J.A. , Kweon , S.J. , Hwang , S.W. , Tormay , M. et al. Energy Policy Considerations in the Design of an Alternative-Fuel Refueling Infrastructure to Reduce GHG Emissions on a Transportation Network Energy Policy 111 2017
- Nikzad , R. and Golnaz , S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Green Technologies in Canada Environmental Development 24 99 108 2017
- Moussa , S.G. , Leithead , A. , Li , S.-M. , Chan , T.W. et al. Emissions of Hydrogen Cyanide from On-Road Gasoline and Diesel Vehicles Atmospheric Environment 131 2016
- Raza , M. , Chen , L. , Leach , F. , and Ding , S. A Review of Particulate Number (PN) Emissions from Gasoline Direct Injection (GDI) Engines and their Control Techniques Energies 11 6 2018
- Maikawa , C. , Zimmerman , N. , Ramos , M. , Shah , M. et al. Comparison of Airway Responses Induced in a Mouse Model by the Gas and Particulate Fractions of Gasoline Direct Injection Engine Exhaust International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15 3 2018
- Chen , L. , Liang , Z. , Zhang , X. , and Shuai , S. Characterizing Particulate Matter Emissions from GDI and PFI Vehicles under Transient and Cold Start Conditions Fuel 189 2017
- Yang , J. , Roth , P. , Durbin , T.D. , Johnson , K.C. et al. Gasoline Particulate Filters as an Effective Tool to Reduce Particulate and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Emissions from Gasoline Direct Injection (GDI) Vehicles: A Case Study with Two GDI Vehicles Environmental Science and Technology 52 5 2018